Articles

Elaeocarpus grandiflorus J.E. Smith

Elaeocarpus grandiflorus J.E. Smith

Family

Elaeocarpaceae

Synonyms

E. lanceolatus Blume.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Ando, andor (Kedah, Peninsular).
Indonesia Anyang-anyang (Javanese, Sundanese), ki ambit (Sundanese), maitan (Javanese).
Philippines Mala (Tagalog).
Burma (Myanmar) Ye-saga.
Thailand Khrai yoi (Northern), mun nam (North-eastern), phi nai (Peninsular).
Vietnam c[oo]m hoa l[ows]n, c[oo]m n[uw][ows]c.

Geographical Distributions

The distribution of Elaeocarpus grandiflorus is from Burma (Myanmar) and Indo-China to Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo and the Philippines.

Description

E. grandiflorus is an evergreen tree and up to measure 25 m tall.

The leaves are lance-shaped, crowded at apices of hairless twigs, with a size of  measuring 4.5-20 cm x 1.2-5 cm, decurrent base, obtuse to slightly acuminate apex and with measure 0.2-4 cm long petiole.

The raceme is in between of the leaves. It is pendulous, measuring 2-10 cm long, lax, 4-6-flowered and with measure 2.5 cm long pedicel. The sepals are lance-shaped, with a size measuring  1.2-2.5 cm x 0.2 cm long and red bright in colour  while the petals are obovate, measuring 2-2.5 cm x 1 cm and pure white in colour. The stamens are 25-60. The filaments are measure 2-4 mm long, with  measuring 2.5-6 mm long anthers, with a measure 2.5-4 mm long awn, densely pubescent ovary and 2-celled.

The drupe is an ellipsoid in shape, with a measuring 2.5-4 cm x 1.5-2 cm, acuminate, pale green in colour while its stone is covered with recurved, long and slender spines.

Ecology / Cultivation

E. grandiflorus is found in evergreen forest, along streams on riverbanks, at 50-800 m altitude. Widely planted as an ornamental (in Java up to 1000 m altitude).

Line Drawing / Photograph

Elaeocarpus_grandiflorus

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.