Aerva lanata (L.) Juss

                                                                                                      Last updated: 18 March 2015

Scientific Name

Aerva lanata (L.) Juss.


Achyranthes lanata L., Achyranthes lanata Roxb. [Illegitimate], Achyranthes lanata Schinz [Illegitimate], Achyranthes villosa Forssk, Aerva elegans Moq, Aerva floribunda Wight, Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult, Aerva pubescens Mart, Aerva sansibarica Suess, Aerva tandalo Buch.-Ham ex Dill, Aerva viridis E.Mey. ex Moq, Alternanthera pubescens Moq, Amaranthus aeruoides Hochst & Steud ex A.Rich, Amaranthus lanatus Dum, Cours. Celosia lanata L., Illecebrum lanatum (L.) L.[1]

Vernacular Name

English Aerva, mountain knot grass, Stone-breaking plant [2]
India Chaya, kapurijadi, polpala, bhadra, sirupulai [2]
Indonesia Katumpangan uler, rumput upas-upasan [3]
Philippines Tabang­-ahas, apugapugan, pamaynap (Tagalog); karlatan (Iloko); taba-ahas [2]
Vietnam Mao v[ix] l[oo]ng [3]

Geographical Distributions

Aerva lanata is found in Africa, Madagascar, the Sey­chelles and other islands in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia from Arabia to India, Sri Lanka, In­do-China and Malaysia (Sumatra, Bangka, Java, the Philippines, Timor, the Aru Islands and south­ern and south-eastern New Guinea). [3]

This plant is lo­cally common along roadsides, in abandoned fields and waste places, and up to 100 m altitude in Java. [3]

Botanical Description

A. lanata is from the family of Amaranthaceae, a perennial, erect herb that can reach up to 110 cm tall. [3]

The main branches and the upper part of the stem are often unbranched for a considerable length. The internodes are usu­ally shorter than 2 cm. [3]

The leaves are arranged alternate, ovate-el­liptical to obovate and measuring 0.5-5 cm x 0.3-3 cm. [3]

The spikes are up to 2.5 cm long. The tepals are 1-1.5 mm long and with 2 spreading stigmas. The fruiting spike easily breaks up. [3]


No documentation

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

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Line drawing

aerva lanata

Figure 1: The line drawing of A. lanata (L.) A.L. Juss. ex Schultes. [3]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1 Aerva lanata (L.) A.L. Juss. ex Schultes. [homepage on the Internet] c2013. [updated 2012 March 23; cited 2014 Oct 3]. Available from
  2. Philippine medicinal plants. Aerva lanata (L.) A.L. Juss. ex Schultes [updated 2013; cited 2014 Oct 15] Available from
  3. Lemmens RHMJ, Bunyapraphatsara N. Aerva lanata (L.) A.L. Juss. ex Schultes. In: de Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher;1999. p. 87-88.