Alpinia rafflesiana Wall. ex Baker

Last updated: 02 April 2015

Scientific Name

Alpinia rafflesiana Wall. ex Baker


Languas rafflesiana (Wall. ex Baker) Burkill, Alpinia rafflesiana var. rafflesiana, Alpinia aurantiaca Ridl. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Puar mengkang, tepus kijai. [2][3][4]

Geographical Distributions

Alpinia rafflesianum is found in Malaysia. It is rather common in secondary forest from sea-level up to 1200 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

A. rafflesiana comes from the family of Zingiberaceae. It is a slender herb that can grow measures up to 1-1.2 m tall. [2]

The leaves are lance-shaped, up to measuring 30 cm x 7.5 cm and pubescent. The panicle is short, compact, measures 5-10 cm long and with measures about 7.5 cm in diameter. [2]

The sepal is cup-shaped, 1.2 cm long and red while the petal tube is nearly twice the sepal. The lobes are orange, red-tipped, up to 3 cm long, broadly ovate labellum, orange, darker veined, with 2 staminodes, short and with purple apex. [2]

The capsule is spherical in shape, measures about 1 cm in diameter, hairy and green. [2]


No documentation

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


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Line drawing


Figure 1: The morphology of A. rafflesianum Wall. ex Baker. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Alpinia rafflesiana Wall. ex Baker [homepage on the internet]. c2013. [updated 2012 March 26; cited 2015 April 02] Available from:
  2. Ibrahim H. Alpinia rafflesianum Wallich. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 60.
  3. Umberto Q. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC press L.L.C ; 2012. p. 205
  4. Compendium of Medicinal Plants Used in Malaysia. Vol. 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC-IMR: 2002.
    1. 35.