Alpinia vitellina var. cannifolia (Ridl.) I.M.Turner

Last updated: 02 April 2015

Scientific Name

Alpinia vitellina var. cannifolia (Ridl.) I.M.Turner


Alpinia cannifolia Ridl., Languas cannifolia (Ridl.) Burkill [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Puar minyak, temu (Peninsula). [2][3]

Geographical Distributions

Alpinia vitellina can be found Malaysia. It is grown in dense secondary forest, and is rather rare. [2]

Botanical Description

A. vitellina comes from the family of Zingiberaceae. It is a stout herb with a size measuring up to 1.2-1.5 m tall. [2]

The leaves are lance-shaped to oblong in shape, measures up to 30 cm x 15 cm, narrowed base while the petiole is measures up to 2-5 cm long. The panicle is an erect, measuring 10-15 cm long, pubescent and with small bracteoles. [2]

The sepal is measures 2.5 mm long and pubescent while the petal tube is slender, with linear lobes, measuring 2.5 cm long, rounded and yellow. The labellum is measures 2-2.5 cm long, oblong, bifid, crisped margins and orange. The staminodes are short and red. The stamen is measures 2.5 cm long, with broadly winged filament, orange and pubescent. The 3-lobed anther is crested. [2]

The capsule is an oblong, pubescent and with 2-3-seeded.The measures 8 mm long black seed is an oblong. [2]


No documentation

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


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No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of Alpinia vitellina var. cannifoli. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Alpinia vitellina var. cannifolia (Ridl.) I.M.Turner [homepage on the internet]. c2013. [updated 2012 March 26; cited 2015 April 02] Available from:
  2. Ibrahim H. Alpinia vitellina (Lindley) Ridley var. cannaefolia (Ridley) I.M. Turner. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 60-61
  3. Umberto Q CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC press L.L.C ; 2012. p. 206.