Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.

Last updated: 22 April 2015

Scientific Name

Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.


Caesalpinia thomaea Spreng., Libidibia coriaria (Jacq.) Schltdl., Poinciana coriaria Jacq. [1]

Vernacular Name

English Divi divi [2][3]
India Aldee kaayi, amrique-ka-sumaq, angrezi imli, divi-divi, dividivi, dividivithumma, ingimaram, inki maram, kodichittal, kodivelam, konaivel, konakkay, konalkay, konarkay, konavel, konavelan, konvel, kotivelam, libi-libi, libilibi, sumaq amriquab [4]
Indonesia Dewi [2][4]
Thailand Tanyong (Bangkok) [2][4]
Spain Divi-divi, cascalote, dibidibi, guaracabuya, guatapana, nacascol,nascascalote [5].

Geographical Distributions

Caesalpinia coriaria originates from Central and South America and was introduced and is now cultivated in Southeast Asia. [2]

Botanical Description

C. coriaria comes from the family of Leguminosae. It is a shrub or small tree that can reach up to 10 m tall. It is unarmed. [2]

The leaves are often imparipinnate, with 4-8 pairs of pinnae, with minute stipules, awl-shaped, with 15-28 pairs of leaflets per pinna, with obliquely subcordate base and rounded to truncate at apex. [2]

The raceme is axillary or terminal, short, condensed, almost sessile and measures 2-6 cm long. [2]

The flowers are bisexual and fragrant. The sepals are 3-4 mm long while the petals are 3-6 mm long. They are yellow or cream. [2]

The seed is a pod measures 3-6 cm x 1.5-3 cm, inflated, often twisted and 1-10-seeded. [2]


C. coriaria tolerates a wide range of soil types and climates. It grows in rich clay soils and poor sandy soils with pH 4.5-8.7, and thrives in dry (warm) temperate climates to wet tropical climates, tolerating an annual precipitation of 600 mm up to over 4000 mm, and a mean annual temperature of 14.7-27.5°C. In natural conditions in Central and South America, it is found in semi-arid, open country. Under very moist tropical conditions, trees are reported to yield less than under drier conditions. At higher altitudes, they do not yield well either. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2010 Jul 14; cited 2015 Apr 22]. Available from:
  2. Utomo BI. Caesalpinia sappan L. In: Van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 127.
  3. Duke JA. Handbook of LEGUMES of world economic importance. New York: Plenum Press; 1981.p. 28.
  4. Umberto Q. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2012. p. 705.
  5. Amos N. Plant Gum Exudates of the World: Sources, Distribution, Properties, and Applications. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2010. p. 106.