Callicarpa candicans (Burm.f.) Hochr.

Last updated: 22 April 2015

Scientific Name

Callicarpa candicans (Burm.f.) Hochr.


Callicarpa adenanthera R.Br., Callicarpa bicolor Juss., Callicarpa cana L., Callicarpa heynei Roth, Callicarpa macrocarpa Raeusch. [Invalid], Callicarpa rheedei Kostel., Callicarpa sinensis Steud., Callicarpa sumatrana Miq., Callicarpa tomentosa Lam. [Illegitimate], Urtica candicans Burm.f. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Tampang besi, tampang besi merah [2], tampah besi, tampong besi putih, kuping besi, pucuk ring-ring, hati-hati ketan [3]
Indonesia Apu-apu, katumpang badak (Sundanese); sesepo (Lampung) [2]; meniran besar, meniran kasar, meniran utan, songka utan ,meniran kebo (Javanese); setampo besi, tampal besi, tampa besi (Sumatran)
Laos Dok pha nok [2]
Philippines Tigau (Bisaya, Bikol, Tagalog); palis (Tagalog); anuyup (Ibanag, Iloko) [2]
Cambodia Sroul kraham [2]
Vietnam N[af]ng n[af]ng, tr[uws]ng [ees]ch, pha t[oos]p [2].

Geographical Distributions

Callicarpa candicans is distributed from southern China westward to eastern India and southward throughout Southeast Asia to tropical parts of Australia and the Pacific. [2]

Botanical Description

C. candicans falls under family Verbenaceae. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree which can reach up to 1-4(-6) m tall. Its hairy stem and branches are greyish-brown. [2]

The leaves are very variable, elliptical-oblong, lance-shaped or ovate-rotundate, measuring (7-)10-20 cm x (2.5-)4-9(-11) cm, with wedge-shaped base, shortly acuminate at apex, with serrate-dentate margin, glandular and densely star-shaped hairy beneath and pubescent above when young. The petiole is 0.6-3(-4) cm long while the cyme is star-shaped and hairy. The primary peduncle is shorter than the petiole and measures 0.5-1 cm long. [2]

The flowers are subsessile, with minutely 4-toothed sepal, measuring 1-1.5 mm long, glandular, star-shaped and hairy outside. The petal is mauve or violet, with tube 2 mm long, with broadly ovate lobes, measuring 3-3.5 mm long, with a few glands and exserted stamens. The ovary is spherical, hairless, glandular all over, with exserted style and measuring 5-6 mm long. The drupe is depressed globular, measures 2 mm in diametre, almost succulent, smooth, glandular, mauve, purple or deep red. [2]


C. candicans is found in grasslands, brushwoods, thickets, village groves and secondary forests, from sea level up to 1000 m altitude. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. candicans (Burm.f.) Hochr. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Callicarpa candicans (Burm.f.) Hochr. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 26; cited 2015 Apr 22]. Available from:
  2. Van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N. Callicarpa candicans (Burm.f.) Hochr. In: Van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 131-132.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute Medical Research. Compendium of Medicinal Plants Used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p.134.