Capparis zeylanica L.

Last updated: 24 April 2015

Scientific Name

Capparis zeylanica L.


Capparis acuminata Roxb. [Illegitimate], Capparis acuminata De Wild. [Illegitimate], Capparis aeylanica Roxb., Capparis aurantioides C.Presl, Capparis crassifolia Kurz, Capparis dealbata DC., Capparis erythrodasys Miq., Capparis hastigera Hance, Capparis horrida L.f., Capparis latifolia Craib, Capparis linearis Blanco [Illegitimate], Capparis nemorosa Blanco [Illegitimate], Capparis polymorpha Kurz, Capparis quadriflora DC., Capparis rufescens Turcz., Capparis subhorrida Craib, Capparis swinhoii Hance, Capparis terniflora DC., Capparis wightiana Wall. [Invalid], Capparis xanthophylla Collett & Hemsl. [1]

Vernacular Name

English Ceylon caper, indian caper [2]
China Niu yan jing [2][3]
India Asria, hingshra, kakdoni, kalikera, kijr, rohini (Bengali); ardanda, bauri, gitoran,govindaphal, hins, his, jhiris, khalis (Hindi); aathundi kaayi, anthundhi kaayi, athendri, govinda phala (Kannada); ardandi, govindi, taramaathi, vaagathi, vaganthi, wag, wagati (Marathi); osara (Oriya); adondai, atanday,atandam, tondai (Tamil); arhonda, aradonda, aridonda (Telugu) [2][3]
Indonesia Melada [3][4]
Thailand Sa ae (South-western); yieo kai (Eastern); thao lang maakkep (Northern) [3][4]
Myanmar Nah-ma-nee-tanyet [3][4]
Philippines Halubagat-baging (Tagalog); tarabtab (Ilokano); baralauik (Ibanag) [3][4]
Cambodia Rook saa [3][4]
Vietnam C[as]p t[is]ch lan, gai den [3][4].

Geographical Distributions

Capparis zeylanica is originating from India to Indo-China, Penin­sular Malaysia, Indonesia (Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands), and the Philippines. [4]

Botanical Description

C. zeylanica comes from the family of Capparaceae. It is a climbing shrub, 2-5(-10) m tall with zigzag branches which are tawny to brownish red pubescence. [4]

The leaves are ovate to elliptical, and measure 4-10(-18) cm x 3-6(-9) cm. The base is acute or obtuse, acute at tip, leathery, with 0.5-1.5 cm long petiole, 3-6 mm long thorns and recurved. [4]

The flowers are 2-5 in a row, which are rarely soli­tary, with stout pedicel and 1-2 cm long. The sepals are concave, 1 cm long and hairy while the petals are 0.9-1.6 cm long, thin, white to pink­ish, with the inner side turning darker later from pinkish to red. There are 30-50 stamens with 2.5-3.5 cm long filaments. They are pink but later turn to dark purple. [4]

The gynophore measures 2.5-4.5 cm and hairy only towards the base. [4]

The berry is globular to ellipsoid and measures up to 5 cm x 4 cm. [4]

The seeds are numerous. [4]


C. zeylanica occurs in hedges, brushwoods, savannas, forest borders, at low and medium altitudes, and un­der seasonal climatic conditions. [4]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. zeylanica L. [4]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Capparis zeylanica L.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Apr 23]. Available from:
  2. Ephraim PL, Halina MP, Shifra L. Caper: The Genus Capparis (Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2013. p.75.
  3. Umberto Q. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2012. p. 792-793.
  4. Windadri FI. Capparis zeylanica L. In: Van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 2001; p. 141.