Cissus quadrangularis L.

Last updated: 28 April 2015

Scientific Name

Cissus quadrangularis L.


Cissus bifida Schumach. & Thonn., Cissus edulis Dalzell, Cissus quadrangula L., Cissus quadrangula Salisb., Cissus succulenta (Galpin) Burtt-Davy, Cissus tetragona Harv., Cissus tetraptera Hook.f., Cissus triandra Schumach. & Thonn., Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight, Vitis succulenta Galpin [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Climbing cactus, edible-stemmed vine, kangaroo vine [2]
English Edible stemmed-vine, veld grape, veldt-grape, winged treebine [3]
India Hasjora, harbhanga (Bengali); hadjod, hadjora (Hindi); asthisamhrta (Sanskrit); pirandai (Tamil); nalleru (Telugu) [3]
Indonesia Patah tulang (Malay); tikel balung (Javanese) [2]
Thailand Khankho (South-Western); phet sangkhaat, san cha khuat (Bangkok) [2]; Samroi to [3]
Philippines Sugpon-sugpon (Bisaya); sulpa-sulpa (Cebu Bisaya) [2]
Vietnam H[oof] d[awf]ng b[oos]n c[aj]nh, d[aa]y xanh vu[oo]ng [2].

Geographical Distributions

Cissus quadrangularis is found in Tropical Africa, Arabia, Madagascar, Mascarenes, India and Sri Lanka. It is naturalised in Thailand, Vietnam, Java, the Moluccas and the Philippines. [2]

C. quadrangularis occurs in arid and semi-arid conditions, especially near the coast, up to 300 m altitude, [2]

Botanical Description

C. quadrangularis comes from the family of Vitaceae. It is a deciduous and smooth climber. It is 1-2(-8) m long with stout, succulent, quadrangular, almost with winged stems, measures 1-1.5 cm wide, constricted at the nodes, simple tendrils and with minute bract in the upper half. [2]

The leaves are variable, broadly ovate or triangular-kidney-shaped, measure 4-6 cm long, somewhat fleshy, truncate at the base, rounded at the apex and with distantly serrate at the margins. The petiole is 5-11 mm long while the stipules are ovate measuring up to 5 mm long. The cymes are leaf-opposed, subumbellate, more or less asymmetrical and measuring 2-3 cm x 5-6 cm. The peduncle is 7-15 mm long and with 2-5 primary branches where one sometimes is further branched. [2]

The flowers are crowded, sweetly-scented, the petals measure about 2.5 mm long, recurved at anthesis, quickly caducous, pinkish inside while green and red outside. [2]

The 1-seeded berry is nearly spherical, fleshy, measuring about 7 mm in diametre, reddish to blackish while the sepal and style are persistent. [2]

The seed is obovoid, measures 5 mm long while the endosperm is in transverse section M-shaped. [2]


C. quadrangularis sometimes planted as a hedge. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. quadrangularis L. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Cissus quadrangularis L.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Apr 18; cited 2015 Apr 28]. Available from:
  2. Aguilar NO. Cissus quadrangularis L. In: Van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 159.
  3. Philippine Medicinal Plants. Sugpon-sugpon. Cissus quadrangularis L. [homepage on the internet] c2014. [updated 2015 Jan; cited 2015 Apr 30] Available from