Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

Last updated: 06 May 2015

Scientific Name

Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt


Bryonia acerifolia D.Dietr., Bryonia alceifolia Willd., Bryonia barbata Buch.-Ham. ex Cogn., Bryonia grandis L., Bryonia sinuosa Wall. [Invalid], Cephalandra grandis Kurz, Cephalandra indica (Wight & Arn.) Naudin [Illegitimate], Cephalandra moghadd (Asch.) Broun & Massey, Cephalandra schimperi Naudin, Coccinia helenae Buscal. & Muschl., Coccinia indica Wight & Arn. [Illegitimate], Coccinia loureiriana M.Roem., Coccinia moghadd (J.F.Gmel.) Asch., Coccinia moimoi M.Roem., Coccinia palmatisecta Kotschy, Coccinia schimperi Naudin, Coccinia wightiana M.Roem., Cucumis pavel Kostel., Cucurbita dioica Roxb. ex Wight & Arn., Momordica bicolor Blume [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Pepasan, papas an [2]
English Ivy gourd, small gourd, scarlet gourd [2]
Indonesia Papasan, kemaron­gan (Java); bolu teke (Java) [2]
Thailand Phaktamlung (General); phakkhaep (Northern) [2]
Laos Tam ling, tam nin [2]
Cambodia Slök baahs [2]
Vietnam Hoa b[as]t, rau b[as]t [2]

Geographical Distributions

Coccinia grandis is distributed from Africa to the Indo-Malaysian region. This plant occurs wild in grasslands, brushwoods, on roadsides, in hedges and light forests from the plains up to 1500 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

C. grandis comes from the family of Cucurbitaceae. It is a perennial, dioecious, climbing or trailing herb that can reach up to 20 m long with tuberous roots. [2]

The stem is green and longitudinally ribbed when young. It becomes white-spotted when older and eventually woody and slightly cylindrical. The tendrils are simple, usually one per node and in stipular position. [2]

The leaves are simple, arranged alternate and with petiole 1-5 cm long. The leaf blade is broadly ovate to subpentagonal or orbicular in outline, measuring 3-12 cm x 3-15 cm, shallowly to deeply palmately 3-5-lobed, cordate at base, with en­tire or sinuate margin and often with distinct reddish glandular teeth, hairless and dotted. [2]

The male flowers are axillary, solitary or paired and rarely 3-4 in a short raceme. The pedicel is 0.7-7 cm long. The receptacle is 3-7 mm long and tubular. There are 5 sepals, which are linear and measure up to 6 mm long. The petal is bell-shaped, yellow-orange, green veined and 5-lobed, where the lobes measure up to 2 cm x 1.5 cm. The staminal col­umn is 6 mm long. The female flowers are axillary and solitary. The pedicel is up to 2.5 cm long. The ovary is cylindrical, measures up to 1.5 cm long, with style 3 mm long, with 3-lobed stigma and each lobe is 2-lobed. [2]

The fruit is berry-like, ellipsoid or rarely spherical, measuring 3-7 cm x 1-3.5 cm, fleshy, green with white stripes when young and turns red at maturi­ty. The fruit stalk is up to 4 cm long. [2]

The seed is asymmetrical­ly pear-shaped in outline, compressed, measuring 6 mm x 3 mm x 1.5 mm, rather thick and with grooved margin and fibrillose testa. [2]


C. grandis cultivat­ed mainly in India, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. It seems to require well-distributed rain­fall and fairly high humidity. Soils should be well-drained as it is intolerant to waterlogging. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. grandis (L.) Voigt [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 May 05]. Available from:
  2. Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt In: Siemonsma JS, Piluek K, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 8. Vegetables. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers; 1993.