Coldenia procumbens L.

Last updated: 06 May 2015

Scientific Name

Coldenia procumbens L.


Coldenia angolensis Welw., Lobophyllum tetrandrum F.Muell. [1]

Vernacular Name

English Procumbens coldenia [3], creeping coldenia [4]
China Shuang shu zi cao [3][4]
India Tripunkee, tripungki, tripunkhi (Hindi); tripunkhi, taipakshi (Marathi); hamsapaadi, godaapadi (Kannada); trupakshee, tripakshi (Sanskrit); seruppadai, sirupai, cheruppadi (Tamil) [4]
Thailand Yaa teentukkae (Suphan Buri, Phitsanulok); yaa teentukto, yaa tupto (Chiang Mai) [2][4]
Philippines Tapiasin, oreganong-lalaki (Tagalog); tabatabokol (Iloko) [2]
Vietnam C[as]p di[eef]n [2][4].

Geographical Distributions

Coldenia procumbens is widespread in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and Australia. In Asia, it has been recorded from India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Taiwan, Hainan, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, the Philippines, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas and New Guinea. [2]

C. procumbens often found in seasonally flooded locations, e.g. on dry rice fields, where it is a common weed. [2]

Botanical Description

C. procumbens falls under the family of Boraginaceae. It is a small, annual, prostrate herb with dorsiventrally compressed, ascendingly branched stems which are up to 50 cm long and greyish hairy. [2]

The leaves are arranged alternately, simple, asymmetric, oblong or obovate, measuring 0.5-3 cm x 0.5-1.5 cm, crenate-dentate to lobulate and with 4-6 pairs of veins which are impressed above and prominent beneath. The petiole is up to 0.5 cm long while the stipules are absent. [2]

The flowers are arranged in between the leaves, bisexual, 4-merous, tiny and subsessile. The sepal is about 1.5 mm long and slightly accrescent in fruit. The petal is up to 2 mm long, with a cylindrical tube and diminute lobes and white. The stamens are inserted in the middle of the petal tube. The ovary is superior, glandular-villous and bifid style nearly to the base. [2]

The fruit is divided initially into 2 halves but later each half into 2 one-seeded nutlets. The nutlets are sharply angulate ventrally and with a distinct beak. The mesocarp (middle layer of the nutlet wall) is thick and corky at the dorsal side. This enables dispersal of the nutlets by water. [2]


No documentation

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

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Clinical Data

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Poisonous Management

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Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. procumbens L. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Coldenia procumbens L.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 May 06]. Available from:
  2. Coldenia procumbens L.In: Lemmens RHMJ, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia 12 (3): Medicinal and Poisonous Plants 3. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publication; 2003.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. Volume I A-C. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC; 1999. p. 580
  4. Philippine Medicinal Plants. Tapiasin. Coldenia procumbens Linn. [homepage on the Internet]. c2014 [updated 2014 Jan; cited 2015 May 20] Available from: