Cynometra cauliflora L.

Last updated: 11 May 2015

Scientific Name

Cynometra cauliflora L.


Cynometra acutifolia S.Vidal, Cynometra cauliflora var. elongatis Hassk., Cynometra cauliflora var. subsessilis Hassk. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Puki anjing [2], nam-nam, salah nama, buah katak puru [3]
Indonesia Namu-namu (Menado);kopi anjing (Javanese); puki (Sunda) [2]; namnam, kapi anjing [3]
Thailand Amphawa (Central); nang-ai (Bangkok); hima (Pattani) [2]

Geographical Distributions

Cynometra cauliflora is only known in the cultivated state from Southeast Asia and India. Possibly it is originated in Eastern Malesia. [2]

Botanical Description

C. cauliflora comes from the family of Leguminosae. It is a shrub or small tree, which is measure about 3-15 m tall, with rather dense crown and with distinctly zig-zag twigs. [2]

The leaves are 1-jugate with 1 pair of leaflets while the petiole is measure about 2-8 mm long. The leaflets are ovate-oblong in shape, very asymmetric, measuring 5.5-16.5 cm x 1.5-5.5 cm, almost sessile and they are droop. [2]

The inflorescences are cauliflorous, with 4-5 small racemes that crowded together on hard knots on the trunk right down to the ground. The rachis is measure about 0.5-3 cm long. There are 4 pinkish-white in colour of sepals, which are measure about 2-4 mm long. The 5 white petals are measure about 3-4 mm long. There are 8-10 stamens while the style is measuring about 5-6 mm long. [2]

The 1-seeded fruit (pod) is kidney-shaped, with a size of measure about 3-9 cm x 2-6 cm x 1-4 cm, fleshy, wrinkled, brownish-green in colour and hanging from the trunk. [2]

The brown seeds are flattened kidney-shaped and with a size of measuring 3-6 cm x 2-4 cm. [2]


C. cauliflora grows well in wet tropical lowlands, but experience in India suggests that it is more fruitful in monsoon climates with a distinct dry season. It prefers full sun but tolerates shade. An annual rainfall of 1500-2000 mm and daily temperatures of 22-35°C are desirable. The tree resists wind. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. cauliflora L. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Cynometra cauliflora L.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2010 Jul 14; cited 2015 May 06]. Available from:
  2. Sunarjono HH. Cynometra cauliflora L. In: Verheij EWM, Coronel RE, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 2: Edible fruits and nuts. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publisher, 1991; p. 143-144.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute Medical Research. Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 241.