Durio graveolens Becc.

Last updated: 20 May 2015

Scientific Name

Durio graveolens Becc.


No documentation

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Durian merah (Peninsular); durian burong (Malay, Sarawak); durian anggang, ta-bela (Dayak, Borneo); durian isa (Iban, Borneo) [2]
Indonesia Durian rimba, durian burung, tinambela (Sumatra)[2]
Thailand Thurian-rakka (Peninsular) [2].

Geographical Distributions

Durio graveolens is distributed around peninsular Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan); also cultivated in Sabah and Brunei. This plant occurs in lowland forest up to 1000 m altitude, in Sarawak on clay-rich soils in mixed dipterocarp forest and on shale ridges. [2]

Botanical Description

D. graveolens comes from the Bombaceae family. It is a large tree that can reach up to measure 50 m tall, with straight, cylindrical bole, branchless for up to measure 25 m and up to measure 100 cm in diametre and with steep buttresses that up to 3 m high. The bark surface is smooth, finely cracked or flaky, reddish-brown or greyish-mauve in colour. [2]

The leaves are elliptical to oblong in shape, measuring 10-26 cm x 4-10 cm and densely copper-brown scaly below. [2]

The flowers are in short cymes on branches. The white petals are measure about 25-35 mm long. The stamens are in 5 bundles and opened by a slit. [2]

The fruit is spherical, up to measure 15 cm in diametre where the outside is orange-yellow in colour with sharp pyramidal spines. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing

Figure 1: The line drawing of D. graveolens Becc. [1]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Durio graveolens Becc.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 May 20]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2779444
  2. Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers; 1995.