Elaeocarpus floribundus Blume

Last updated: 22 May 2015

Scientific Name

Elaeocarpus floribundus Blume


Elaeocarpus grossus Wall. [Invalid], Elaeocarpus lobbianus Turcz., Elaeocarpus pseudosepicanus O.C.Schmidt, Elaeocarpus tahanensis M.R.Hend. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Medang biawak, medang teja, medang telur (Peninsular) [2]
English Rugged oil-fruit [2]
Indonesia Hahauwan (Sundanese); kemesu (Javanese) [2]
Thailand Muat doi (Northern); man som (North-Eastern); kalon (Central) [2]
Laos Ma moun, moun [2]
Philippines Malangau (Manobo) [2]
Vietnam c[oo]m tr[aa]u [2]

Geographical Distributions

Elaeocarpus floribundus is distributed from India and Burma (Myanmar) to Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo and the Philippines (Palawan). E. floribundus is more frequent in lowland rain forest but also frequent in lower montane forest, found from sea-level up to 1500 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

E. floribundusis comes from the Elaeocarpaceae family. It is an evergreen tree that can reach up to measure 30 m tall. [2]

The leaves are often crowded at apices of pubescent, with glabrescent twigs, oblong, elliptical to obovate in shape, with a size of measure (3-)8-17(-22) cm x (2-)3-7(-9) cm, wedge-shaped base, acuminate apex, serrate margin, with 2-4 cm long petiole while the stipules are early caduceus. [2]

The raceme is below the leaves. It is measure about 7-14(-20) cm long, with many-flowered and with 4-8 mm long pedicel. The sepals are lance-shaped or narrowly triangular and measuring 4 mm x 2 mm while the petals are obovate-oblong in shape, with a size of measure 5 mm x 2 mm, gradually dilated from a broad base, with more or less abruptly widened apical portion, white and with 30-40 stamens. The filaments are about 0.5 mm long while the anthers are measure 1-2 mm long. The ovary is shortly hairy, 3-celled and usually there are 2 ovules per cell. [2]

The drupe is ellipsoid in shape, with a size of measure 3-3.5 cm x 1.5-2 cm, often with yellow dots, almost smooth stone and slightly grooved. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of E. floribundus Blume [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Elaeocarpus floribundus Blume[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 May 20]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2785543
  2. Aggarwal S. Elaeocarpus floribundus Blume In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 88-89.