Ficus retusa L.

Last updated: 6 June 2015

Scientific Name

Ficus retusa L.


Ficus truncata (Miq.) Miq. [Illegitimate]. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Ara jejawi (Peninsular) [2]; ara jejawai [3]
English Malayan banyan, Chinese banyan, Indian laurel [3], banyan fig, Taiwan fig [4]
India Antiyantapittan, arekgol dhavidek-gol, biliala, chilkan, errajuvvi, hemanta, ichi, ittiyal, kallicci, kantakala, kuberaka, namdruk, nankipipri, pilaka, shidigoli, tuna, uttarajuvvi, thapsi, yerrajeevi, zir [4]
Philippines Balete (Tagalog); marabutan (Bagobo) [2]

Geographical Distributions

Ficus retusa is distributed from India and Southern China, throughout Southeast Asia, to Australia and New Caledonia. It grows in open lowland forest, brushwood and near rivers. [2]

Botanical Description

F. retusa is amember of the family Moraceae. It is a tree which is up to measure 18 m tall, with aerial roots and milky latex. The twigs are with prominent projections of stipular rings and petiolar scars. [2]

The leaves are arranged alternate. The stipules are large and persistent. The petiole is up to measure 2 cm long. The blade is oblanceolate to narrowly obovate in shape, measuring 5-15 cm x 3-6 cm, narrowed base and 3-veined. The apex is rounded to bluntly point. The secondary veins are 5-8 pairs with all veins are prominent below. [2]

The inflorescence is an axillary fig, slightly spherical to obovoid in shape, measure about 1 cm in diametre, sessile, yellow-red in colour, often in pairs and crowded. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of F.retusa [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Ficus retusa (L.). [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mac 23; cited 2015 June 2]. Available from:
  2. Ficus retusa (L.) In: Boer E, Ella AB, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 18: Plants producing exudates. Leiden, Netherlands, Backhuys Publishers; 2000.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research. Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 350.
  4. Quattrocchi U. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume III E-L. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 244-245.