Garuga floribunda Decne

Last updated: 15 June 2015

Scientific Name

Garuga floribunda Decne


Garuga abilo (Blanco) Merr., Garuga littoralis Merr., Garuga pacifica Burkill., Boswellia javanica Turcz., Bursera javanica (Turcz.) Baill., Garuga clarkii Merr. , Garuga mollis Turcz. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Garuga [2]
Indonesia Kayu kambing (Sulawesi, Moluccas); ki langit (Sundanese); wiyu (Javanese) [2]
Papua Garuga [2]
Philippines Bogo (Filipino); burus (Iloko); (g)abilo (Tagalog) [2]

Geographical Distributions

Garuga floribunda is the only Malesian species found from the Himalayas to Bangladesh, South-Western China, Hainan, throughout Malaysia (except for Sumatra and very rare in Borneo (Sabah) and Peninsular Malaysia), the Solomon Islands, Northern Australia, Vanuatu, Samoa and Tonga. [2]

G. floribunda occurs in seasonal climates in primary and secondary, often periodically dry or very dry monsoon forests and thickets, and in lower montane rainforests, up to 1200 m altitude. It is also found in coastal forests, teak forests and on limestone hills, and grows in stony, sandy or clayey soils. [2]

Botanical Description

G. floribunda is a member of the family Burseraceae. It is a deciduous, small to medium-sized or occasionally fairly large tree that can reach up to 30(-40) m tall. [2]

The bole is usually straight, cylindrical, branchless for up to 12 m, measuring up to 120(-225) cm in diametre and with buttresses up to 3 m high. The surface of the bark is with adhering scales, grey or grey-white. The inner bark is firmly fibrous, pink and with little clear and resinous exudate. [2]

The leaves are arranged spirally, crowded at the apex of twigs and imparipinnate. The caducous stipules are inserted to the petiole. There are 9-21(-31) leaflets which are nearly stalkless and crenate-serrate. The stipellae is often present and caducous. [2]

The flowers are in an axillary panicle. They are bisexual, 5-merous and with a cupular receptacle. The sepals are free while the petals are with inflexed tips. There are 10 stamens that are inserted on the margin of the receptacle. The 10-lobed disk unites with the receptacle. The ovary is superior, 5-locular, with 2 ovules in each cell and with lobed stigma. [2]

The fruit is a fleshy blue drupe, and with 1-5 1-seeded pyrenes. Seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are emergent which are palmately 3-or 5-lobed. The hypocotyl is elongated where the first 2 leaves are opposite and with 3 leaflets, while subsequently with leaves spirally arranged and with increasing number of leaflets. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of G. floribunda [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Garuga floribunda Decne. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mac 23; cited 2015 June 2]. Available from:
  2. Garuga floribunda Decne. In: Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 1998.