Goniothalamus tapis Miq.

Last updated: 11 June 2015

Scientific Name

Goniothalamus tapis Miq.


Goniothalamus umbrosus J.Sinclair [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kenarak, galai (Peninsular); gertimang (Kelabit, Sarawak); tongkat bumi (Limbang, Sarawak)[2]; kulit serbah, lukai [3]
Thailand Chi-no-koh, naara (Peninsular); bu ngaa lam chiak (Bangkok) [2][3]

Geographical Distributions

Goniothalamus tapis is a forest species of lower elevations, occurring in Sumatra, Borneo and rather common in Peninsular Malaysia. [2]

Botanical Description

G. tapis falls under the family of Annonaceae. It is a shrub or small tree that can reach up to measure 10 m tall. [2]

The leaves are oblong to elliptical-oblong in shape, with a size measuring 15-27 cm x 6-12 cm. The base is rounded or slightly wedge-shaped, abruptly apex, shortly and bluntly acuminate and coriaceous. The petiole is measure 0.5-0.7 cm long. [2]

The flowers are solitary or paired, axillary and sweet-scented. The pedicel is measure about 0.6 cm long. The green tinged purple sepals are ovate, acute in shape, with a size measure 0.5-0.6 cm long and pubescent outside. The outer petals are ovate-lance-shaped, with a size measure 3-5 cm long and greenish to creamy-white in colour while the inner petals are ovate in shape and with a size measure 1-1.7 cm long. The stamens are numerous, elongate carpels, 3 mm long and hairy. [2]

The measuring 1-1.2 cm long monocarp is an ellipsoid, apiculate, smooth and sessile. It ripens in red, then purple and finally black. It is 1-seeded. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing



Figure 1: The line drawing of G. tapis Miq. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Goniothalamus tapis Miq.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013. [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Jun 11] Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2829770
  2. Shaari K. Goniothalamus tapis Miq. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 285-286.
  3. Quattrocchi U.  CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume III E-L. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 369.