Leea guineensis G. Don

Last updated: 23 June 2015

Scientific Name

Leea guineensis G. Don


Leea acuminata Wallich ex Clarke., Leea arborea Sieber ex Bojer., Leea arborea Telf. ex Wight & Arn., Leea aurantiaca Zoll. & Moritzi., Leea bipinnata Boivin., Leea bulusanensis Elmer., Leea coccineaPlanch., Leea cumingii C.B. Clarke., Leea cuspidifera Baker., Leea dentata W. G. Craib., Leea euphlebia Merr. [1]

Vernacular Name

English West Indian holly (L. coc­cinea) [2]
China Tai wan huo tong shu [3]
Thailand Kra­dangngaa daeng (Central); khueang khaeng maa (Northern); seesa lueat (Peninsular) [2]
Philippines Abang-abang (Tagalog); mali-mali (Tagalog, Pampanga) [2]
Vietnam G[oos]I h[aj]c tr[aws]ng, c[or] h[aj]c [2]
Congo Ilendo, mopini, otemavo, toto [3]
Madagascar Maimbohavana [3]

Geographical Distributions

Leea guineensis is distributed from tropical Africa, Madagas­car, India, Burma (Myanmar), throughout Southeast Asia (except New Guinea) to Taiwan and Palau (Micronesia). It is found in secondary and primary vegetation in Tai­wan, the Philippines and Micronesia, and throughout the remainder of Malaysia. L. guineensis is rather rare in pri­mary forests and shaded localities, but a common component of secondary vegetation in mainland Asia and Africa, from sea level up to 1500 m alti­tude. [2]

Botanical Description

L. guineensis is a member of the family Leeaceae. It is a shrub, sometimes with a creeping rootstock, or semi-woody branches or tree. It can grow up to 1-5(-10) m tall and its young twigs are smooth. [2]

The leaves are (1-)2 or 3(-4)-pinnate, with numerous leaflets, rachis up to 50 cm long, petiole (5-)10-20(-25) cm long, with obovate stipules, measuring 2-4(-6) cm x (1-)1.5-3 cm, early cauducous and hairless. The leaflets are ovate to ovate-Iance-shaped or elliptical to elliptical-Iance-shaped, measure (3-)8-20 (-30) cm x (1.5-)3-8(-14) cm, wedge-shaped to rounded at base, (long-)acuminate at apex, with repand to denticulate margin, small pearl-glands, inconspicuous and ca­uducous. [2]

The cyme is (3-)10-25(-40) cm long, lax or com­pact, rusty pubescent, with ovate to deltoid bracts and up to 3 mm long. The flowers are red to reddish-orange. The sepal measures about 1-3 mm x 2-4 mm, hairless to pubescent, with red to citrous-white staminodial tube and about 2-3 mm long. The upper part is 1.5-2.5 mm long, with shallowly retuse lobes, notched or cleft, shallow sinuses and (4-)6(-8)-celled ovary. [2]

The berry is 5-15 mm in diametre, red and 6-seeded. The seed measures 6 mm x 5 mm. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

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  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Leea guineensis G. Don [homepage on the Internet]. c2013. [updated 2012 April 18; cited 2015 June 23] Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-34000178
  2. Uji T. Leea guineensis G. Don In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 329-330.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume III E-L. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 732.