Intsia palembanica Miq.

Last updated: 24 June 2015

Scientific Name

Intsia palembanica Miq.


Afzelia bakeri Prain, Afzelia palembanica (Miq.) Baker, Intsia bakeri (Prain) Prain, Intsia plurijuga Harms. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Anglai, alai (Peninsular); merbaoe, merbau [2,3]
English Borneo tik; Malacca taek; Marabau tree of Malacca [3]
Indonesia Ipi, ipil (General); maharan (Kalimantan) [2]
Thailand Lumpho, mue-ba (Peninsular); salumpho (South-eastern) [2]
Philippines Ipil (General) [2]
Papua New Guinea Kwila [2].

Geographical Distributions

Intsia palembanica is distributed in Southern Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Palawan, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and western New Guinea. [2]

I. palembanica often occurs near the coast but is found inland more frequently than I. bijuga, up to 1000 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

I. palembanica is a member of the Leguminosae family. It is a medium-sized or large tree that can reach up to 50 m tall. The bole is branchless for up to 22 m and measures up to 150 cm in diameter. [2]

The leaves are with (3-)4(-7) pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are thickly leathery and glossy with a rounded or broadly wedge-shaped base and a blunt to emarginate apex measuring 8-13.5 cm x 4-10.5 cm. [2]

Its flowers are pale yellowish. [2]


The density of the I. palembanica wood is 500-1000 kg/m³ at 12% moisture content. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

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Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of I. palembanica. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Intsia palembanica Miq. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2010 Jul 14; cited 2015 June 24]. Available from:
  2. Sosef MSM. Intsia palembanica Miq. In: Soerianegara I, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees; Major commercial timbers. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers, 1993; p. 269-270
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume III E-L. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 574.