Pometia pinnata J.R. Forster & J.G. Forster

Last updated: 3 August 2015

Scientific Name

Pometia pinnata J.R. Forster & J.G. Forster

Synonyms

Dabanus acuminatus (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Dabanus pinnatus (J.R.Forst. & G. Forst.) Kuntze, Irina alnifolia Blume, Irina glabra Blume, Irina tomentosa Blume, Nephelium acuminatum Hook.f., Nephelium pinnatum (J.R.Forst & G.Forst.) Cambess., Pometia acuminata (Hook.f.) Radlk., Pometia alnifolia (Blume) King, Pometia coriacea Radlk., Pometia glabra (Blume) Teijsm. & Binn., Pometia macrocarpa Kurz, Pometia tomentosa (Blume) Teijsm. & Binn., Racosperma elatum (Benth.) Pedley. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kasai daun kecil, kasai daun besar (Peninsular) [2]; enselan, kasai (Borneo); asam kuang, kelisar, langsir [3]
English Pinnate pometia [3]
China Fan long yan [3]
Indonesia Kayu sapi (Javanese) [2]; Leungsir (Sundanese); Langsek anggang (Sumatran) [4]
Thailand Saen ta lom [2]
Philippines Malugai-liitan (Tagalog); tugaui (Bikol, Tagalog) [2]
Vietnam C[aa]y tr[uw][owf]ng, tr[uw][owf]ng m[aaj]t, s[aa]ng [2]
Papua New Guinea Obahu [2], ibula, lavakoko, taun, ton [3]
Fiji Dawa [3]
Tonga Tava [3]

Geographical Distributions

Pometia pinnata is from Sri Lanka and the Andaman Islands, throughout Southeast Asia towards Taiwan, Fiji and Samoa. [2]

P. pinnata occurs in primary and secondary forests up to 500(-1700) m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

P. pinnata is comes from the family Sapindaceae. It is a medium-sized to fairly large tree that can grow up to 40(-47) m tall. The bole is measuring up to 100(-140) cm in diametre. [2]

The leaves are with 3-13 pairs of leaflets which have dentate margins while the alternate secondary veins end in a tooth. [2]

The inflorescence and sepal are often hairy. [2]

Cultivation

P. pinnata survives at places where the mean annual temperature ranges between 22-28°c, the mean maximum being 25-32°c and the minimum tolerated 5-16°c. [2]

P. pinnata prefers a deep, rich, moist soil and a position in full sun or light shade for optimum growth. The tree is found on a variety of soils in its native range such as on limestone, clayey, sandy or loamy soils, mostly in dryland forest, and occasionally in freshwater swamps. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation

Dosage

No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

 

Line drawing

937

Figure 1 : The line drawing of P. pinnata  [2]

References

  1. Useful Tropical Plants. Pometia pinnata J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. [homepage in the Internet]. c2014 [updated 2015 Jul 21; cited 2015 Jul 30]. Available from: http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pometia+pinnata
  2. Pometia pinnata J.R. Forster & J.G. Forster. In: Soerianegara I, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees: Major commercial timbers. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers; 1993.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 686.
  4. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research.Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 2. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 251.