Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard

Last updated: 6 July 2015

Scientific Name

Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard


Achras mammosa Sieber ex A.DC. [Invalid],Achras octodecemfida Stokes, Imbricaria malabarica Poir., Kaukenia kauki (L.) Kuntze, Mimusops browniana (A.DC.) Benth., Mimusops elengi Bojer [Invalid], Mimusops hookeri A.DC., Mimusops kauki L., Mimusops manilkara G.Don [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Sawah, sawai, sawau (Peninsular) [2]; sau, sawoh [3]
English Wongi [3]
India Adamvanchem-pal, cakamirukam, ceccai, cilesmavalikari, cilettumavatikari, cinkittcam, cirakuccapalam, citaciri, cukkilappalai, haadari, hale, iracaparini, iracaparinimaram, iracatatam, iracayukam, iracayukamai, kakee, karippalai, karippalaikkirai, kauki, khirni, kulappai, mani-phal, vasantaduti [3]
Indonesia Sawo kecik (Java, Bali); kayu sawo (Java); sabo (Bali) [2]
Thailand Lamut-thai, lamut-sida (Central) [2]
Vietnam Vi[ees]t [2]
Papua New Guinea Sner [2].

Geographical Distributions

Manilkara kauki is distributed in Burma, Indo-China, Thailand, and Peninsular Malaysia, throughout Indonesia (except Kalimantan), Papua New Guinea and North-eastern Australia. [2]

Botanical Description

M. kauki is a member of the family Sapotaceae. It is a medium-sized tree that can reach up to 25 m tall, often with gnarled and low-branched bole, sometimes columnar and measuring up to 100 cm in diametre. [2]

The leaves are clustered at the apex of twigs. They are silky white velvety beneath. [2]

The flower buds are ovoid. The pedicels are not thickened, but curved and long. The sepal is up to 7 mm long and with distinct hairless ovary at the disc. [2]

The fruit is ovoid or obovoid and measuring up to 3.7 cm long. [2]


M. kauki usually grows in coastal regions with a comparatively dry climate, generally below 500 m altitude. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of M. kauki [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 March 26; cited 2015 July 6] Available from:
  2. Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard. In: Soerianegara 1, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia no 5 (1): Major commercial timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers; 1993.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 53.