Stemonurus secundiflorus Blume

Last updated: 27 Aug 2015

Scientific Name

Stemonurus secundiflorus Blume


Croton laurifolius Noronha, Lasianthera secundiflora (Blume) Miq., Stemonurus pauciflorus Ridl. [Illegitimate], Stemonurus ridleyanus Sleumer, Urandra secundiflora (Blume) Kuntze [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kepot dejuku (Dayak, Sarawak); lada-lada hutan, perepat bukit (Peninsular) [2]
India Tree, thick leaves, axillary flowers, cup-shaped calyx [3]
Indonesia Bahuhu uding (Simeuluë); lokan (Sumatera); saber bubu  (Bangka) [2].

Geographical Distributions

Stemonurus secundiflorus is distributed from peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra (including the islands along the west coast), West Java, Borneo and intervening islands. [2]

S. secundiflorus occurs in well-drained locations and swamps. [2]

Botanical Description

S. secundiflorus is a member of the Icacinaceae family. It is an evergreen and small to medium-sized trees that can reach up to measure about 30(-40) m tall. [2]

The bole is straight, cylindrical, branchless, measure up to 24 m and up to 60 cm in diametre and sometimes with small buttresses or pneumatophores. The bark surface is smooth to finely fissured or cracked, occasionally hoop-marked or pustulates, whitish to grey and grey-brown or greenish-grey in colour. The inner bark is with orange and white mottles. The crown is moderately dense and compact. [2]

The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, entire, thick and leathery, hairless and exstipulate. [2]

The inflorescence is an axillary. The flowers are sessile, bisexual and fragrant. The sepal is cup-shaped, truncate or slightly 5-lobed. The petals are (4-)5 which connate at the base, white to yellowish in colour and with inflexed apex. The stamens are (4-)5, with hairy filaments at the apex and distally hairy anthers. The disk is an annular. The ovary is superior, unilocular with 2 apical ovules and 1 style. [2]

The fruit is a 1-seeded drupe. It is dark red to purple in the lower part and pale or greenish in the upper. [2]

The seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are emergent and leafy. The hypocotyl is very elongate where all leaves are arranged spirally. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of S. secundiflorus [2]


  1. The Plant List.  Ver1.1. Stemonurus secundiflorus Blume[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Aug 18]. Available from:
  2. Stemonurus secundiflorus BlumeIn: Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 1998.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 398.