Tetracera sarmentosa (L.) Vahl

Last updated: 1 Sep 2015

Scientific Name

Tetracera sarmentosa (L.) Vahl


Delima sarmentosa L., Seguieria asiatica Lour., Tetracera asiatica (Lour.) Hoogland, Tetracera levinei Merr. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Mempelas rimau [2][3]
India Hruithindeng, pongikongchatong [3]
Indonesia Sengkerit akar (Sumatra) [2]
Vietnam D[aa]y chi[eef]u, ch[awj]c ch[if]u [2][3].

Geographical Distributions

Tetracera sarmentosa is from Sri Lanka, Eastern India, Burma (Myanmar) to Southern China, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. [2]

T. sarmentosa is found in scrub along roadsides, hedges, thickets as well as primary forest, from sea-level up to 1500 m altitude. It flowers from March-November and fruits from May-February. [2]

Botanical Description

T. sarmentosa is a member of the familyDilleniaceae. It is a small shrub up to 3 m tall or a liana up to 12 m long, with rough branches. [2]

The leaves are oblong with size (3-)5-11(-15) cm x (1.5-)2-5(-7.5) cm, its base is acute, apex acute to obtuse, margin entire to distinctly dentate, rough, its stalk is about 0.5-1(-1.5) cm long. [2]

The inflorescence is terminal and sized between 10-25 x 5-15 cm includes 30-150 flowers which are found in the basal part, often with 1-4 leaves and a flower is about 1 cm in diameter. The sepals are 5 with the 2 outer ones size 2 x 1.5 mm and the 3 inner ones sized 4 x 3 mm and rough outside. There are 3 petals sized 3-4 mm x 2-3 mm and are white. The stamens are whitish yellow, carpels 1(-2) and hairless. There are between 10-12 immature seeds in the ovary. [2]

The capsule is ovoid with size 6-10 mm x 4-6 mm, with a 2-5 mm long beak and is smooth. It is 1(-2)-seeded which are ovoid sized 4 mm x 3 mm while the aril is up to 5 mm long and fringed for half to two third of its length. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of T. sarmentosa [2]


  1. The Plant List.  Ver1.1. Tetracera sarmentosa (L.) Vahl [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Apr 18; cited 2015 Aug 19]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-10900301
  2. Tawan CS. Tetracera sarmentosa (L.) Vahl In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 2001; p. 542-543.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume V R-Z. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 536.