Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray

Last updated: 3 September 2015

Scientific Name

Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray


No documentation.

Vernacular Name

Indonesia Kalayar (Sundanese) [1]
Philippines kalanum-uak (Bisaya); katimbau (Iloko); patolang-gubat (Tagalog) [1]; kabalonga, patola-si-gaiang, tabau-tabau, tabugok, timon-timon [2]

Geographical Distributions

Trichosanthes quinquangulata is distributed from Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines. [1]

T. quinquangulata occurs in thickets, old clearings and rocky places up to 1500 m altitude. [1]

Botanical Description

T. quinquangulata is a member of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is a large monoecious and perennial vine can grow up to measure 6 m long. The stem is an angular and smooth. [1]

The leaves are roundish in outline, shallowly or sometimes deeply 5-7-lobed and up to measure 20 cm in diametre. The base is cordate, acute lobes and hairless or glabrescent. The petal is a measure about 7-9 cm in diameter. The male inflorescence is a measure about 15-20 cm long, elliptical to obovate-lanceolate in shape of bracts that are with a size of measure about 15-20 mm long and subentire. The female flowers are solitary. [1]

The red fruit is spherical in shape and it is measure about  5-10 cm in diametre. [1]

The seeds are elliptical in shape with obtusely acuminate apex and compressed. [1]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of T. quinquangulata [1]


  1. Sosef MSM, Boer E, Bunyapraphatsara N. Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray In: de Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 1999; p. 490.
  2. Quattrocchi U. CRC World dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume V R-Z, CRC Press; 2012. p. 625.