Triumfetta bartramia L.

Last updated: 3 September 2015

Scientific Name

Triumfetta bartramia L.


Mopex sinensis Lour. ex Gomes Mach. (Unresolved) [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Pulut-pulut, champadang [2] pepulut [3]
English Chinese burr, burrbush, burrweed [2]
Indonesia sukupan (Javanese); pungpurutan (Sundanese); galopang (Minakasa) [2]
Thailand Poyumyuu (Northern); seng (Peninsular) [2]
Philippines Kulutkulutan (Tagalog, Pangasinan), bulagun (Sulu), kollo-kolot (Sambali, Iloko) [2], kulot-kulotan [4]
Vietnam Day k[es], gai d[aaf]u [2]
Papua New Guinea Gavana (Goldie river, Central Province); siponi (Killerton, Oro Province) [2].

Geographical Distributions

Triumfetta bartramia is distributed from tropical Africa to tropical Asia including Southeast Asia, mainly as a weed. [2]

T. bartramia is common along roadsides, in waste places and other ruderal locations, up to 1200 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

T. bartramia is a member of the family Tiliaceae. It is an erect, branched, more or less annually hairy, often sub-woody shrub and it is measures 0.5-1.5 m tall. [2]

The leaves arrangement is alternate, variable, orbicular or rhomboid-ovate. They measure 2.5-8 cm long, entire or 3-lobed. The upper leaves are smaller, oblong to ovate-lance-shaped, not lobed, while the base is obtuse to round and the apex is acuminate. The margins are serrate-dentate. The upper surface is covered by simple hairs, green but at the lower surface, it is covered by star-like hairs which are greyish and supported by a stalk measures about 0.3-7 cm long. The stipules are measure 3 mm long. [2]

The inflorescence is arising from the axils or terminal clusters of cymes with peduncle and the bracteoles narrowly egg-shaped. The flowers are radially symmetrical that are 5-merous while the pedicel measures 1 mm long. The sepals have their segments that are free and linear which is measure between 4.5-5.5 mm long. They are hairy outside with apical appendages and measuring 1-2 mm long. The petals are free, imbricate, narrowly reverse egg-shaped are measure between 3-4.5 mm long and yellow. The male reproductive organs column is measure 0.2 mm long, with 5 rounded glands with 10 stamens. The ovary is superior, slender style and 2-dentate stigma. [2]

The fruit is small, rounded and indehiscent. The capsule is with spines, 3-4 mm in diametre, and spines are measure 1-2 mm long, hooked at the apex and smooth. [2]

The seeds are (2-)4(-6) and semi-ovoid measuring 2-2.5 mm long. [2]

The seedling is with epigeal germination. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of T. bartramia [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Triumfetta bartramia L. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated on 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Sep 3]. Available from:
  2. Triumfetta bartramia L. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 2001; p. 562-564.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research.Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia, Volume 2. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 398.
  4. Quattrocchi U. CRC World dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume V R-Z, CRC Press; 2012. p. 644.