Mangifera foetida Lour

Last updated: 30 Jun 2016

Scientific Name

Mangifera foetida Lour. (unresolved name) [1]


No documentation.

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Machang (General); bacang, pauh (Sabah) [2]
Indonesia Membacang, bacang (General); limus (Sundanese, Java); asem hambawang (Kalimantan) [2]
Thailand Machang (Malay, Peninsular); mamut, malamut (Thai, Peninsular) [2]
Myanmar La-môt [2]
Cambodia Svaay sââ [2]
Vietnam Xo[af]i h[oo]I [2].

Geographical Distributions

Mangifera foetida is distributed in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Moluccas, possibly also Sulawesi; cultivated and sometimes also naturalised in Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand and the Lesser Sunda Islands. [2]

Mangifera foetida occurs in wet, evergreen lowland forests up to 1000(-1500) m altitude. The density of the wood is 545-785 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. [2]

Botanical Description

M. foetida  is a member of the Anacardiaceae family. It is a medium-sized to fairly large tree that can reach up to 40 m tall. The bole is straight, measures up to 100 cm in diametre and buttresses are absent. The surface of the bark is shallowly fissured and whitish-grey to reddish-brown. [2]

The leaves are oblong to elliptical-oblong or elliptical and measuring 12-30 cm x 10-15 cm. [2]

The inflorescence is pseudo-termi­nal, pyramidal and usually hairless. The flowers are 5-merous, with petals 6-10 mm long, pinkish, violet ­red at the base, with whitish apex and with a broad short ridge on the inner surface at the base which is split into 3(-5) branches. The disk is stipe-like and short, with one fertile stamen (rarely two) and connate at the base with 2-4 unequal staminodes. [2]

The fruit is nearly globular, slightly oblique, measuring up to 14 cm in diametre, glossy and yel­lowish-green, while turning green or brownish when ripens. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of M. foetida [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Mangifera foetida Lour. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from:
  2. Bompard JM. Mangifera foetida Lour. In: Verheij EWM, Coronel RE, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 2: Edible fruits and nuts. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc, 1991; p. 209-211.