Memecylon edule Roxb.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2016

Scientific Name

Memecylon edule Roxb. (unresolved name) [1]


No documentation.

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Delek air, delek bangas, kuku baning (Peninsular) [2]
Thailand Miat (North-eastern); phlong dam (South-western); phlong mueat (Central) [2]
Laos 'Muat ê, 'sa long khong [2]
Myanmar Me-byaung [2].

Geographical Distributions

Memecylon edule is widespread from India and Sri Lanka to Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. [2]

Memecylon species are comparatively common, sometimes occurring gregariously in the lower part of the canopy of primary lowlands to montane forests, up to 1800 m altitude. They are also found in freshwater and peat-swamp forests and kerangas. Some like M. edule prefer more open forests or localities near the seashore. [2]

Botanical Description

M. edule is amember of the Melastomataceae family. It is a shrub or small to medium-sized tree that can reach up to 25(-30) m tall. [2]

The bole is sometimes twisted, measures up to 100(-200) cm in diametre, often fluted and infrequently with buttresses. The bark is extremely thin. The surface is very shallowly closely fissured or cracked, sometimes smooth and slightly scaly. It is grey or greyish-brown. The inner bark is thin, yellow or pinkish to orange or brown. The branches are cylindrical or flattened, grooved, angled or winged. [2]

The leaves are arranged opposite, simple, entire, hairless, with 1 main vein which is straight or with intramarginal looping veins which are exstipulate. [2]

The flowers are 4-merous, in an axillary or occasionally terminal cyme, sometimes resembling a panicle or reduced to glomerules or umbels. The sepal is cup-to funnel-shaped and with a truncate to shortly-lobed margin. The petals are reflexed at the anthesis and caducous after fertilization. They are white, pink, blue or purple. There are 8 equal stamens. The anthers are curved like a walking stick to crescent-shaped and opening with a vertical slit. The ovary is inferior and unites with the sepal tube. It is unilocular with 2-20 ovules and with 1 style. [2]

The fruit is a 1(-2)-seeded berry, purplish or black and turning red when ripens, crowned by the persistent sepal and smooth or with 8 vertical grooves. Seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are emergent and leafy. The hypocotyl is elongated and all leaves are arranged opposite. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of M. edule. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Memecylon edule Roxb. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Apr 18; cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from:
  2. Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 1998.