Micromelum minutum Wight & Arn.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2016

Scientific Name

Micromelum minutum Wight & Arn. (unresolved name)


Glycosmis subvelutina F.Muell. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Chememar, cherek, kematu (Peninsular) [2]
English Lime berry [2]
Indonesia Sesi (Lampung); ki mangkok (Sundanese); mentanen (Javanese) [2]
Thailand Samui (Chaang) (Peninsular); saam sok (Northern); sabaek (Eastern) [2]
Philippines Ppiris (Tagalog); makabangon (Bikol); basar basar (Iloko) [2]
Vietnam Cam n[us]i, kim s[uw][ow]ng [2]

Geographical Distributions

Micromelum minutum is found from India throughout Southeast Asia to Australia and the Pacific. [2]

M. minutum is found on a wide range of soils in both primary and secondary forest, from sea-level up to 1000 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

M. minutum is amember of the Rutaceae family. Itis a small to medium-sized, and an unarmed tree grows up to 20 m tall. The stem diametre is measuring up to 15 cm. The twigs and buds are densely short-haired. [2]

The leaves are alternate, pinnate with an unpaired terminal leaflet, measure up to 30 cm long including the leaf stalk where 9-15 leaflets are arranged alternately. The 3-12 cm x 1.5-6 cm leaflets are egg-shaped-lance-shaped. Its base is obtuse and asymmetrical while the apex is attenuate-acuminate., It is rarely obtuse or notched at the extremity. The, margin is entire to irregularly undulate-crenate and the leaflet stalk is measures 3-5 mm long. [2]

The inflorescence is terminal, cymose-resembling a panicle, measures (3-)15-20 cm long. The 5-merous flowers are bisexual., .The sepal is cupular and shallowly 5 toothed. The floral petals are linear-oblong, measure 7 mm x 1.5mm, pale green to yellowish-white, and densely appressed hairy outside. The stamens are 10 while ovary is superior, cylindrical, 5-celled where the cells are bi-ovulate, and with a twisting of the radial follicle walls. [2]

The fruit is an ellipsoid, oblong berry, measures 6-10 mm long, with 1-3 developed compartments and each is one-seeded. The seed is glabrate yellow to red when ripe, with flat and folded cotyledons. Seedling is with epigeal germination; emergent cotyledons are green; hypocotyl is elongated. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of M. minutum [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Micromelum minutum Wight & Arn. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2509967
  2. van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers; 2001.