Solanum ferox L.

Last updated: 04 August 2016

Scientific Name

Solanum ferox L. (unresolved name) [1]


No documentation.

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Terong iban, terong asam, terong dayak [2]
Brunei Tarong pasai [2]
Indonesia Terong asam, cung bulu (South Sumatra); terong perat (Madura) [2]
Thailand Ma-uk (General); mapu (Northern); yangkhuidi (Karen) [2]
Laos Khüa khôn, khüa puux [2]
Myanmar Sinkade, tarabi [2]
Philippines Tabanburo (Tagalog); bal­-balusangi (Ilocano); tagatum (Bisaya) [2]
Vietnam C[af] bung [2]
Papua New Guinea Su, su-lamas (Pala, New Ireland); kova-sakau (Lamekot, New Ireland) [2]

Geographical Distributions

The origin of Solanum ferox is unknown. It is distributed from India to New Guinea, including all Southeast Asian countries, and it occurs wild and culti­vated. It is closely related to the South American S. candidum Lindley, but has never been reported from South America. [2]

S. ferox occurs wild in the Asian tropics in forest openings, on disturbed sites and in sec­ondary thickets, often in shady sites, up to 1500 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

Solanum ferox is a herb or small shrub that can grow up to 1(-2) m tall. It is densely stellately pubescent, and armed with straight sharp prickles or unarmed. [2]

The leaves are broadly ovate, measuring 5-40 cm x 3-40 cm, markedly dis­colorous and shallowly pinnatilobed. The petiole is 5-16 cm long. [2]

The inflorescence is up to 10-flowered. The pedicel is up to 2 cm long, and armed or unarmed with prickles. The sepal is broadly bell-shaped, envelops the fruit partly or completely, and armed or unarmed with prickles. The petal is star-shaped, white or purple. [2]

The fruit is spherical, measures 1.5-3 cm in diametre, yellow, densely pubescent with long white stellate hairs and becoming hairless. The pale yellow seed is 2-2.5 mm long. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of S. ferox. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Solanum ferox L. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from:
  2. Siemonsma JS, Piluek K, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 8. Vegetables. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers; 1993.