Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg

Last updated: 30 May 2016

Scientific Name

Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg 

Synonyms

Aralia cochleata Lam., Aralia latifolia Wight & Arn. [Invalid], Aralia rotunda W.Bull, Aralia rotundifolia hort. Ex Truff., Crassula scutellaria Burm.f., Hedera cochleata (Lam.) Sweet, Hedera latifolia Wight & Arn., Nothopanax cocheatus (Lam.) Miq., Nothopanax scutellarius (Burm.f.) Merr., Nothopanax tricochleatis Miq., Panax xoxhleatus (Lam.) DC., Panax conchifolius Roxb. [Illegitimate], Panax heyneanus Wall. ex G.Don, Panax rotundatus B.S.Williams, Panax rumphii Hassk., Panax scutellarioides Reinw. ex Blume, Paratropia latifolia (Wight & Arn.) K.Koch. Polyscias scutellarioides (Reinw. ex Blume) M.R.Almeida, Polyscias tricochleata (Miq.) Fosberg. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Daun mangkok [2], pokok puding mangkok, semangkok, daun belangkas [3][4]
English Balfour aralia, Balfour polyscias [2], cup-leaved papua, dinner plate aralia, false panax, saucer-leaf, shell-leaf, shield aralia [4]
China Yuan ye nan yang shen [2][4]
Indonesia Daun mangkok, mamanukan, godong mankokan, lanida, ndalido, ndari, ranido, daun koin, daun papeda, mangkok, memangkokan, goma matari, sawoko, ray paroro [4]
Philippines Patito (Tagalog) [4]
Vietnam Dinh lang dia [4]
Thailand Krut kra thong [4]
Cook Islands Kapaie, kaope pa [4]
Fiji Island Danidani [4]
Samoa Island Tagitagi [4]
Vanuatu Island Ndosir, umroki [4].

Geographical Distributions

Polyscias scutellaria is originated from Malayan. This plant is rarely flowers in the Philippine and always planted as ornamental plant. [4]

Botanical Description

P. scutellaria is a member of Araliaceae family. It is a treelets or small trees, 2-6(-7) m tall and andromonoecious. [5]

The leaves are 1- or 2-pinnate; petiole 35-30 cm, enlarged and clasping at base, alate for 1-6 cm with membranous wings; petiolules 1-5 cm; leaflets 1 (leaves unifoliolate), 3, or 5 (rarely 2 or 4), broadly elliptic to oblate or reniform, occasionally ovate or obovate, 5-20(-24) × 5-20(-26) cm, papery to subleathery, base shallowly cordate or convex, margin subentire to coarsely crenulate or shallowly serrate, teeth short, apex rounded. [5]

The inflorescence is terminal, erect, a panicle of umbels; primary axis 30-100 cm; secondary axes 15-30, in 2-4 verticils, 15-50 cm; tertiary axes (peduncles) 7-30 per secondary axis, in irregular verticils, 2-18 mm, with a terminal umbel bisexual and lateral umbels of staminate flowers; pedicels 1.5-7 mm. Ovary (2 or)3-5-carpellate; styles free nearly to base, 0.4-0.6 mm at anthesis, spreading, expanding in fruit to 0.8 mm. [5]

The fruit is infrequently seen, subglobose to depressed-globose (somewhat triangular to quadrangular when 3- or 4-carpellate), 4-6 mm high. [5]

Cultivation

No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

The leaves of P. scutellaria have been reported to contain triterpenoid saponin (e.g. polysciasaponin, oleanolic acid). [6]

P. scutellaria also has been reported to contain calcium oxalae, peroxidise, amygdalin, phosphate, iron, fats, proteins, vitamin A, B1 and C. [4]

Plant Part Used

Leaves and roots [4]

Traditional Use

In Vanuatu Islands, the leaves of P. scutellaria are used in the immediate post-delivery period to enhance the expulsion of placental fragments in the form of a juice extracted from the leaves. As a cleansing process women were given a decoction of the leaves during the post-delivery period. [4]

In the Philippines the heated leaves of P. scutellaria is applied to the region opposite the bladder to induce urination. The roots and leaves together with diuretic in a decoction are considered a diuretic. The leaves are used for dressing ulcers and also wounds.

In Indonesia, the scalp is gently massaged with coconut oil impregnated with juice of the leaves of P. scutellarium to help promote the growth of hair. Leaf juice mixed with coconut oil and turmeric applied over breast engorgement.

In Western Pacific, macerated bark used for treatment of ciguatera poisoning. [4]


Preclinical Data

Pharmacology

Hair growth activity

The effects of extracts of P. scutellaria on the growth of hair in rats have been studied. The results showed that the extracts did hasten the growth of hair in male rats. The extract containing tea leaves and P. scutellaria leaves in the proportion of 2:1 appears to be the most effective combination. [7]

Wound healing activity

The wound healing activity (epithelization period, wound contraction and paw oedema) of the leaf saponin extract of the P. scuttelaria has been investigated. It has been established that the leaf saponin extract promotes collagenation in wounds. The extract also showed concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on lipid peroxidation.[8]

Toxicity

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.

Dosage

No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing

No documentation.

References

  1. The Plant List. Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f) Fosberg. 2013 ver1.1 [updated 2012 May 23; cited 2016 May 30]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-162576.
  2. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 2012; p.
  3. Ong HC.  Tanaman hiasan: Khasiat makanan & ubatan. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors, 2008; p. 35.
  4. Philippine Medicinal Plant. Platito. Polyscias scutellaria (Burm. f.) Fosberg [homepage on the Internet] No date [update 2014 Nov; cited 2016 May 30]. Available from: http://www.stuartxchange.com/Platito.html.
  5. Flora of China. Volume 13. Polyscias scutellaria. [homepage on the Internet] No date [cited 2016 May 30]. Available from: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242414133.
  6. Paphassarang S, Raynaud J, Lussignol M, Cabalion P. A new oleanolic glycoside from Polyscias scutellaria. J Nat Prod. 1990;53 (1):163–166.
  7. Sholikhah ND. Budi efek Ccmpuran ekstrak daun teh (Camellia sinensis L.) dan daun mangkokan (Nothopanax scutellarium Merr.) terhadap pertumbuhan rambut kelinci jantan. [unpublished dissertation]. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta; 2008.
  8. Divakar MC, Devi SL, Kumar PS, Rao SB. Studies on wound healing property of Polyscias scutellaria leaf saponins. Ind J Nat Prod. 2001;17(2):37-42.