Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack

Last updated: 09 May 2017

Scientific Name

Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack

Synonyms

Camunium exoticum (L.) Kuntze, Chalcas cammuneng Burm.f., Chalcas exotica (L.) Milsp., Chalcas intermedia M.Roem., Chalcas japanensis Lour., Chalcas paniculata L., Chalcas paniculata var. omphalocarpa Yu.Tanaka, Chalcas sumatrana M.Roem., Connarus foetens Blanco, Connarus santaloides Blanco, Connarus santaloides Blanco, Limonia malliculensis J.R.Forst. ex Steud., Marsana buxifolia Sonn., Murraya exotica L., Murraya omphalocarpa Hayata, Murraya paniculata var. exotica (L.) C.C.Huang, Murraya paniculata var. omphalocarpa (Hayata) Tanaka. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kamoening, kamuning, kemuning kampong, kemuning lada [2], kemuning [3]
English Andaman satin wood, Burmese box, Burmese boxwood, China box, Chinese box, Chinese myrtle, common jasmine orange, cosmetic bark tree, mock orange, orange jessamine, satin wood, [2] Chinese box-wood, Burmese box-wood, orange jasmine [3]
China Chiu li hsiang tsao, jiu li xiang, qian li xiang, [2] kau lei heung, guo mai shuang gao la [3]
India Bibzar, chaljuti, chodichi, deijir-araung, dengjer-araung, dengjir-araung, hanthil, juti, kada kongi cheddi, kamenee, kamini, kathonarangi, katnarang, kunli, kunti, marchi, marchula, marchulajuti, marsan, naga golunga, pala kanni, pandre, pandry, peethurimalli, [2] kamini marchula; pandari, nagagolunga, konji, angarakana gida, ban mallika [3]
Nepal Bajardante, banjhari [2]
Pakistan Kamni [2]
Indonesia Esehi, fanasa, kahabar, kajeni, kamone, kamoneng, kamoni, kamuni, kamuning, karizi, kayu gading, kemoning, kemunieng, kemuning, palopo, sukik, [2] kemoening, djenar [3]
Thailand Kêo [3]
Myanmar Mokson gayok, thanatka [2]
Philippines Banaasi, banasi, banati, [2] kamuning [3]
Vietnam Cao ly yong, cay nguyet, keo, nguyet qui, nguyet qui tau [2]
Japan Gek-kitsu, gikiji [2]
France Buis de Chine [2]
Latin America Ayahar de la India, azahar de la India, naranjillo [2].

Geographical Distributions

Murraya paniculata is distributed around India to South China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Caledonia, and Australia. [4]

Botanical Description

M. paniculata is a member of the Rutaceae family. [1] It is an evergreen shrub with grey corky bark. [5]

The leaves are stalked, three to nine-foliolate; leaflets have short petioles and measures between 2.5-7.5 cm x 1.5-2.5 cm, obliquely rhombic, more or less acuminate, entire, leathery when mature, shiny above. [5]

The flowers are white in colour, fragrant, in axillary or terminal corymbs. [5]

The fruits are berries, narrowed at ends, bright red and dark red when rip. [5]

It contains two seeds. [5]

Cultivation

No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

M. paniculata was found to contain 2'-O-ethylmurrangatin;   hainanmurpanin;  murralonginal; murranganone; murrmeranzin;  minumicrolin; murrangatin; meranzin hydrate;  omphamurrayin;  paniculatin;  and yuehchukene. [6][7]

Plant Part Used

Leaves, barks and roots. [6][7]

Traditional Use

In Nepal the leaves of M. paniculata are chewed for toothaches [5]. In Malaysia the decoction of the leaves can be used as a gargle to treat toothache. [8].

The leaves are frequently used to treat pain due to scalding. This decoction can be given orally to treat body aches, as a tonic, and for expelling tape worm. [8]

Preclinical Data

Pharmacology

Oestrogenic activity

Yuehchukene is an alkaloid isolated from roots of M. paniculata has oestrogenic activity as evidenced by 100% anti-implantation effects on 1 – 3 day gestation in female mice. When given to immature female mice there was an increase in the weight of the uterus. However, the oestrogenic activity was weaker than estradiol. [6]

Anticholinesterase activity

Two compounds, murranganone and paniculatin, isolated from the leaves of M. paniculata were found to have cholinesterase inhibitory activity. Another compound, minumicrolin isolated from the aerial parts of Murraya paniculata has mild butyryl-cholinesterase inhibitory activity. [9][10]

Antiprotozoal activity

The chloroform exctract from M. paniculata was found to be moderately active against Giardia intestinalis infestation. The extract also showed moderate activity against Entamoeba histolytica. [10][11]

Toxicity

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.

Dosage

No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing

No documentation.

References

  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 9updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2017 May 09]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2510469.
  2. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 2012; p. 219-220.
  3. Hanelt P. Mansfeld’s encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops, Volume 5. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2001; p. 1012–1013.
  4. Burkill IH. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Volume 2. London: Published on behalf of the governments of the Straits settlements and Federated Malay states by the Crown agents for the colonies, 1935; p. 1505-1507.
  5. Manandhar NP, Manandhar S. Plants and people of Nepals. Portland: Timber Press Inc., 2002; p. 326.
  6. Wang NG, Guan MZ, Lei HP. Studies on anti-implantation and hormone activity of yuehchukene, an alkaloid isolated from the root of Murraya paniculata. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 1990;25(2):85-89. Chinese.
  7. Kinoshita T, Shimada M. Isolation and structure elucidation of a new prenylcoumarin from Murraya paniculata var. omphalocarpa (Rutaceae). Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50(1):118-120.
  8. Latiff A, Mat-Salleh K. Tumbuhan ubatan Malaysia. Bangi: Pusat Pengurusan Penyelidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2002; p. 47.
  9. Choudhary MI, Azizuddin, Khalid A, Sultani SZ, Atta-ur-Rahman. A new coumarin form Murraya paniculata. Planta Med. 2002;68(1):81-83.
  10. Sawangjaroen N, Phongpaichit S, Subhadhirasakul S, Visutthi M, Srisuwan N, Thammapalerd N. The anti-amoebic activity of some medicinal plants used by AIDS patients in southern Thailand. Parasitol Res. 2006;98(6):588-592.
  11. Sawangjaroen N, Subhadhirasakul S, Phongpaichit S, Siripanth C, Jamjaroen K, Sawangjaroen K. The in vitro anti-giardial activity of extracts from plants that are used for self-medication by AIDS patients in southern Thailand. Parasitol Res. 2005;95(1):17-21.