Articles

Ophiorrhiza mungos L.

Ophiorrhiza mungos L.

Family

Rubiaceae

Synonyms

Ophiorrhiza singaporensis Ridl.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Pokok sumpu badak
English Mongoose plant
Philippines Payang payang gubat (Tagalog), kayotimokan (Bagobo), lumai (Bikol)

Geographical Distributions

The plant is distributed from India, Sri Lanka, to Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and the Philippines.

Description

This plant is a semi-woody, erect, normally hairless herb, and usually 10-50(-80) cm tall.

Leaves are narrow, oval to lance-shaped, 4-12 cm x 2-6 cm with pointed base and apex. The petiole is 8-25 mm long and stipules are 4-5 mm long. Its cyme is more or less flat-topped, 2-12 cm in diametre. Branches are sub-umbellate, spreading, hairy or smooth with bracts absent. The pedicel and sepal teeth are short. Petal is white with 7-8 mm long tube, short, obtuse and keeled lobes.

The capsule is 2-3 mm long with 6-8 mm in diametre.

Ecology / Cultivation

O. mungos occurs in primary and secondary forests, in moist localities, up to 400 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00042

References

  1.  Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.