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Articles

Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.

Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Synonyms

Sauropus albicans Blume, Sauropus sumatranus Miq.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Chekup manis, cekur manis (Peninsular).

English

Star gooseberry.

Indonesia

Katuk (Sundanese), babing (Javanese), simani (Minangkabau).

Philippines

Binahian (Tagalog).

Myanmar

Yo-ma-hin-yo.

Cambodia

Dom nghob.

Laos

Hvaan baanz.

Thailand

Phak waan baan (General), kaan tong (Northern), ma yom paa (Prachuap Khiri Khan).

Vietnam

Rau ng[os]t, b[oof] ng[os]t, ch[uf]m ng[os]t.

Geographical Distributions

Sauropus androgynus is found in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand and throughout the Malaysian region, but possibly absent in New Guinea. It mainly occurs in cultivation and the exact origin is unknown.

Description

Sauropus androgynus is an erect shrub that can grow up to 500 cm tall. It is flaccid and with cylindrical or angled branches.

The leaves are ovate or lance-shaped, measuring 2-7.5 cm x 1-3 cm and obtuse or acute.

The male flowers are disk-shaped, entire or nearly so.

The fruit is nearly globular, up to 1.5 cm in diametre and whitish.

Ecology / Cultivation

Sauropus androgynus is common in evergreen forests, clearings, scrub vegetation, roadsides and on a waste ground, up to 1000 m altitude. It is cultivated up to 1300 m.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Sauropus_androgynus

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References

1.       Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.