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Excoecaria agallocha L.

Excoecaria agallocha L.

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Synonyms

Excoecaria camettia Willd., Excoecaria affinis EndI., Stillingia agal­locha (L.) Baillon.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia                

Buta-buta (General), bebuta (Peninsular).

English

Blind-your-eyes, milky mangrove.

Indonesia

Kayu buta-buta (Indo­nesian), kayu betah (Javanese), menengan (Ma­durese, Javanese, Balinese).

Philippines

Buta-buta (Tagalog, Pilipino), lipata (Bikol, Bi­saya, Tagalog).

Myanmar

Kayaw taway.

Thailand

Buu-to (Peninsular), tatum thale (Cen­tral).

Vietnam

Gi[as], tr[af] m[ ur].

Papua New Guinea

Sismet (Manus Island), te'eria (Korina, Cen­tral Province), su (Madang  Province).

Geographical Distributions

Excoecaria agallocha is distributed along the coasts of southern India and Sri Lanka to Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, China, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, Thailand, throughout the Malaysian region, northern Aus­tralia and the Pacific.

Description

Excoecaria agallocha is a shrub or tree that can reach up to 15(-20) m tall.

The leaves are spirally arranged, ovate or elliptical, measure 3-9 cm x 2-5 cm, shortly blunt acuminate at apex while the margins are crenulate-serrate.

The inflorescence is unisexu­al, with the male inflorescence densely spike-like and almost cat­kin-like when young.

The fruit is a capsule, tricoccous, lobed, about 1 cm in diametre and borne in short racemes.

Ecology / Cultivation

Excoecaria agallocha is common in mangrove forests, tidal thick­ets and freshwater swamp forests up to 100(-400) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Excoecaria_agallocha

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References

1.  Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.