Articles

Cinnamomum cinereum

Synonyms

Cinnamomum sintoc Blume; Cinnamomum callophyllum Reinw ; Cinnamomum camphoratum Blume [1] [2]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia: Medang Teja Lawang, Sintok
Indonesia:  Huru Sintok, Wuru SIntok
Thailand:  Lu Cha, Luk Kh [3]

General Information

Description

Cinnamomum cinereum is a tree that can grow up to 20m tall. It branches freely. Leaves are sub-coriaceous, lanceolate, acute, the base is also acute dark green on the upper surface and ashy grey on the under surface. It has two primary veins arising from the center approximately 0.5cm from the base, not opposite, slender and hardly elevate lateral ascending. The leaves measure 7-11cm long and 1-3.5cm wide. The petiole is 12mm long and pubescent. The panicles are long and lax which branches 7.5cm long, remote. The peduncle is slender measuring 7.5cm long in upper axils with grey and haory features. The flowers are few, cymose and pale yellow. Perianth-tube is slender, 1cm long with lobes longer ovate and villous inside.

Plant Part Used

The plant part most commonly used is the bark. Other parts used in traditional medicine include the roots and sometimes the leaves.

Chemical Constituents

Safrole, g-muurolene, eugenol, linalool,   terpinen-4-ol, a-cadinol, germacrene D, a-terpineol, d-cadinene, a -copaene, allo-aromadendrene, cubenol, tetradecanal , octadecanoic acid, pentadecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, tetradecanoic acid, methyl (Z)-cinnamate.[4] 

Traditional Used:

It was reported that the roots of the tree was taken in a decoction during pregnancy and also during the confinement period to avoid post-partum depression. Amongst the Malays sintok form part of a paste applied to the head of women immediately after birth to prevent dizziness and flatulence associated with the process. The bark is used as a bath for women after menstruation as a cleanser and refresher.[5] It is included in the Indonesian jamu “sehat wanita” where it increase body strength and increase resistance to disease.[6]

The barks and leaves are used to treat chronic diarrhoea. It is said to possess antispasmodic properties and is used to treat lower abdominal colics.[7][8] It is a vermifuge and is used to treat intestinal parasitism.

In Sumatra an infusion of the bark and leaves are made into mouthwash to treat inflamed gums while in Malaysia they are made into a poultice for ulcers. They are considered a tonic and is used to as a bath for people in convalescence. The bark is used to treat chronic diarrhoea and also acts as an antispasmodic.[8] The roots in the form of a decoction are a remedy for syphilis and have been used in the treatment of venomous bites of insects and serpents.[9] Wounds are treated using powdered form of the bark.[10] Burkill reported its used in the treatment of numbness of the feet.[11]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. H. Panda. Handbook on medicinal herbs with uses. Delhi: Asia; Pacific Business Press; 2004. p.287.
  2. H. N. Ridley, J. Hutchinson. The Flora of the Malay Peninsula Volume 3. London: Reeve & Co.; 1922. p. 96.
  3. Kamaruddin Mat-Salleh, A. Latiff. Tumbuhan Ubatan Melayu. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Press; 2002. p. 83.
  4. B. J. Ibrahim, F. Y. Mira, N. Ayop, S. A. Abu. Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia. Flavour and fragrance Journal 2005; 20(6): pp. 601-604.
  5. Melur.com (Deenor Enterprise). Available from: www.melur.com/myherba.asp?plant_id=66&cat=HERBA. [Accessed on 5th October 2009].
  6. M. S.Harini, L. Inge. Some Ethnophytomedical Aspects and Conservation Strategy of Several Medicinal Plants in Java, Indonesia. B I O D I V E R S I T A S July 2002; 3 (2): pp. 231 – 235.
  7. Clearing House Mechanism, Balai Kliring Kehati Jawa Barat. Available from: http://clearinghouse.bplhdjabar.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=274:sintok&catid=58:cagar-alam-gunung-tilu&Itemid=182). [Accessed on 17 October 2009].
  8. Christophe Wiart. Medicinal plants of Asia and the Pacific. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2006. p. 16.
  9. Melur.com. Available from: www.melur.com/myherba.asp?plant_id=66&cat=HERBA. [Accessed on 15 October 2009].
  10. I.H. Burkill. A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: Governments of Malaysia and Singapore by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 1966. p. 562
  11. I.H. Burkill. Medical Book of Malayan Medicine – Gard. Bull. 6: 1930. p. 342.