Articles

Leucosyke capitellata (Poir.)Wedd.

Leucosyke capitellata (Poir.)Wedd.

Family

Urticaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Teh kampung (Sarawak), kuliat-mato (Sabah).

Indonesia Ki beunteur (Sundanese), jurang gunung (Javanese), kayu te pa’ei (Kalimantan).
Philippines Alagasi, lagasi (Bisaya, Tagalog), hanlagasi (Tagalog).

Geographical Distributions

Leucosyke capitellata occurs in Java, Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and New Guinea.

Description

Leucosyke capitellata is a dioecious shrub or small tree that can reach up to 8 m tall. The leaves are arranged spirally with the upper ones is often distichous, simple, elliptical-oblong, 8-17.5 cm x 3-6.5 cm, acute to obtuse at base, acuminate at apex, finely serrate, white tomentose below, 3-veined from the base and with 1-4 pairs of secondary veins. The petiole is 1-3 cm long. The stipules connate into an axillary scale, which is up to 2.5 cm long and caducous.

The inflorescence is a pseudo-axillary, peduncled, spherical head is 0.5-1 cm in diametre with 2 heads often close together. The flowers are unisexual, regular and small. The male flowers are with 5-parted perianth, 5 stamens and rudimentary pistil while the female flowers are with cup-shaped, 4-5-dentate perianth and obliquely ovoid, superior, 1-celled ovary, sessile stigma and capitate.

The fruit is 1-seeded with fleshy pericarp and thinly crustaceous while the endocarp is white.

Ecology / Cultivation

Leucosyke capitellata occurs in forest, often-secondary forest, but also in thickets, up to 2400 m altitude, and is common in many regions.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Leucosyke_capitellata_2

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.