Articles

Intsia palembanica Miq.

Intsia palembanica Miq.

Family

Leguminosae

Synonyms

Afzelia palembanica (Miq.) Baker, Intsia bakeri (Prain) Prain, Intsia plurijuga Harms.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Anglai, alai (Peninsular).
Indonesia Ipi, ipil (General), maharan (Kalimantan).
Papua New Guinea Kwila.
Philippines

Ipil (General).

Thailand Lumpho, mue-ba (Peninsular), salumpho (South-eastern).

Geographical Distributions

Intsia palembanica is distributed in Southern Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Palawan, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and western New Guinea.

Description

Intsia palembanica is a medium-sized or large tree that can reach up to 50 m tall. The bole is branchless for up to 22 m and measures up to 150 cm in diametre.

The leaves are with (3-)4(-7) pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are thickly leathery and glossy with a rounded or broadly wedge-shaped base and a blunt to emarginate apex measuring 8-13.5 cm x 4-10.5 cm.

Its flowers are pale yellowish.

Ecology / Cultivation

Intsia palembanica often occurs near the coast but is found inland more frequently than I. bijuga, up to 1000 m altitude. The density of the wood is 500-1000 kg/m³ at 12% moisture content.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Intsia_palembanica

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees: Major commercial timbers.