Articles

Mangifera foetida Lour.

Mangifera foetida Lour.

Family

Anacardiaceae

Synonyms

Mangifera horsfieldii Miq.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Machang (General), bacang, pauh (Sabah).
Indonesia Membacang, bacang (General), limus (Sundanese, Java), asem hambawang (Kalimantan).
Thailand Machang (Malay, Peninsular), mamut, malamut (Thai, Peninsular).
Myan­mar La-môt.
Cambodia Svaay sââ.
Vietnam

Xo[af]i h[oo]i.

Geographical Distributions

Mangifera foetida is distributed in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Moluccas, possibly also Sulawesi; cultivated and sometimes also naturalised in Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand and the Lesser Sunda Islands.

Description

Mangifera foetida is a medium-sized to fairly large tree that can reach up to 40 m tall. Its  straight bole measures up to 100 cm in diametre and buttresses are absent. The surface of the bark is shallowly fissured and whitish-grey to reddish-brown.

The leaves are oblong to elliptical-oblong or elliptical and measuring 12-30 cm x 10-15 cm.

The inflorescence is pseudo-termi­nal, pyramidal and usually hairless. The flowers are 5-merous, with petals 6-10 mm long, pinkish, violet ­red at the base, with whitish apex and with a broad short ridge on the inner surface at the base which is split into 3(-5) branches. The disk is stipe-like and short, with one fertile stamen (rarely two) and connate at the base with 2-4 unequal staminodes.

The fruit is nearly globular, slightly oblique, measuring up to 14 cm in diametre, glossy and yel­lowish-green, while turning green or brownish when ripens.

Ecology / Cultivation

Mangifera foetida occurs in wet, evergreen lowland forests up to 1000(-1500) m altitude. The density of the wood is 545-785 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Line Drawing / Photograph

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References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.