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Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers

Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers

Family

Menispermaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Indonesia Areuy geureung (Sundanese), kepleng (Javanese), ginato bobudo (Moluccas).
Thailand Kon pit (Central), pang pon (Northern), tap tao (Peninsu­lar).
Philippines Malabuta (lgorot), ma­ratugi (Iloko), kuren (Ibanag).
Vietnam

Thi[ee]n kim d[awf]ng, d[aa]y l[ox]i ti[eef]n.

Geographical Distributions

Stephania japonica is distributed in Nepal, India, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Taiwan, Japan,       Thailand, throughout Malesia, northern and east­ern Australia and Polynesia.

Description

Stephania japonica is a slender climber that can reach up to 10 m long. The root is tuberous while the stem is herbaceous or thinly woody.

The leaves are broadly triangular-ovate to ovate, and measuring (4-)6-12(-17) cm x 4-10(-14) cm.

The flowers are in an ax­illary, compound, umbrella-shaped cyme, which are sessile or sub­sessile.

The red fruit is sessile or subsessile while the endocarp is dorsally with 4 rows of processes.

Ecology / Cultivation

Stephania japonica occurs in secondary forests, re­growths, hedges, thickets and on river banks, also in Nypa swamp, up to 2000 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Stephania_japonica

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.