Zanjabeel, Sankajabir, Citaraho, Tangawizi, Ata-le, Jinja .
Zingiber officinale, a perennial, grows up to 1m and yields small oblong leaves, but is mostly grown for its bulbous rhizome which is used as a spice, condiment or for its medicinal value.
Z. officinale is a widely cultivated reed-like herb that is most known for its pungent rhizome. Native to China, and Africa, Z. officinale is now mainly cultivated in India and many other parts of the world. It typically grows well in moist rich soils in partially shaded or wooded areas.
Root or Rhizome .
Z. officinale is used not only as a dietary ingredient but also for its medicinal value; often for the same purpose. Z. officinale is widely known for its effect on the gastrointestinal system, and in African traditional medicine, this is no different. When used as a culinary herb, Z. officinale can be useful as a carminative, diuretic and antiemetic . The dried rhizomes have been used as a primary ingredient for stomachics which are used to treat nausea, indigestion and flatulence .In cases of abdominal pain, the ground rhizome is steeped in hot water and drunk . Several pieces of the rhizome of Z. officinale have been used in a decoction along with the aerial parts of Ocimum americanum and Xylopia aethiopica in order to treat colic, constipation or irregularity . Often, Z. officinale rhizome has been chewed raw and the juices swallowed to alleviate general abdominal pain .
Z. officinale has also been used as a popular respiratory aide. Decoctions of Z. officinale rhizome have been mixed with milk in order to suppress coughing . In cases of persistent cough or bronchitis, the rhizome has been chewed raw. In order to ease the intensity of the rhizome, a sweetener is added .
Z. officinale rhizome has been used as a stimulant. An infusion of the rhizome is thought to stimulate the Central Nervous System or even relieve Amnesia . The macerated rhizome is eaten twice daily as a general stimulant .
Z. officinale is best known for its ability to lessen the nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness. In fact, studies have found that it may be more effective than drug alternatives for many conditions and situations that make the stomach feel unsettled . What’s more, in the case of motion sickness, Z. officinale may be preferred to antihistamines because it does not cause drowsiness . Z. officinale root preparations may also be useful in controlling nausea and vomiting in outpatient surgery , for lessening the nausea and loss of appetite associated with chemotherapy , and in the treatment of hyper-emesis gravidarum, a condition of excessive vomiting and dehydration that occurs during early pregnancy . In addition, two double-blind, controlled clinical studies reported that the use of Z. officinale for treatment of nausea in pregnancy was found to decrease the number of events as well as lessening the severity of nausea . A study found that women using Z. officinale in early pregnancy would reduce their symptoms .
Z. officinale has reported anti-inflammatory properties and has been used in some inflammatory conditions such as arthritis . In a study involving 56 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and muscular discomfort, Z. officinale was effective in more than 75% of the patients . Two-hundred and forty seven patients completed a study lasting 6-weeks evaluating the safety and effectiveness of 2 Z. officinale species (Zingiber officinale and Alpinia galanga) in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. The Z. officinale extract group had greater response in reducing knee pain when standing as well as all other measures evaluated. Z. officinale group experienced more mild stomach and intestinal upset. It is important to note that the change in the overall quality of life was equal between Z. officinale and placebo group . When compared to conventional anti-inflammatory agents, such as ibuprofen, a study found no significant advantage of using Z. officinale root . However, the potential for side-effects of NSAID medications should be taken into consideration, as Z. officinale usage has reported fewer side-effects.
Other research has centered on Z. officinale ’s potential for support of the circulatory system . The volatile oils in Z. officinale are thought to dilate the blood vessels and stimulate blood flow while functioning as an anticoagulant . Studies have described Z. officinale ’s use in prevention and treatment of migraine headaches , its antioxidant activity , and also Z. officinale 's antibacterial properties . Z. officinale has also been known to stimulate certain digestive functions  and has the ability to lower cholesterol with an effect similar to that of the drug gemfibrozil .
Interaction with other Herbs
Interaction with Drugs
Z. officinale is generally considered safe for use.
If you are planning to have any type of surgery or dental work, stop using this dietary supplement for at least 14 days prior to the procedure .
If you have a bleeding disorder, talk to your doctor before taking this dietary supplement .