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Articles

Bauhinia acuminata

Synonyms

Bauhinia candida [1]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Bunga Perak

English Dwarf White Bauhinia, White Mountain Ebony [2],[3]
Indonesia Panawar Saribu (Sunda Islands); Kupu-kupu (Java)
Thailand Ka Long, Som Sio
Burma Mahahlegabyu
India Kaanchnaara, Kovidaara (Ayurvedic); Kachnaal (Unani); Vellaimandarai (Siddha/Tamil); Kanchan (Assam); Shwet kachnar, Kachnal safaid (Punjab)
Sri Lanka Sudu Kobalila (Singhalese)
Japan Moku-wan-ju

General Information

Description

Bauhinia acuminata is a member of the Fabaceae family. It is a rapidly growing shrub that can reach up to 3m tall. It rises with several strong, smooth, upright stems with many slender branches; young twigs being pubescent. The stipules linear-lanceolate measures 1 cm long. The leaves are cordate or nearly so ar the base, bilobed to about one third of their length with obtuse or acute lobes 9-11 nerve, sparsely pubescent beneath, about 10cm long and broad. The flowers appear at the extremities of the branches 3-4 in a loose bunch with white petals. The pedicels measure 6-12mm long. The flower buds fusiform, long attenuate at the apex and 5 setaceous dents, measures 3cm long. The calyx-limb laterally splitting, spathaceous; receptacle short. The petals obovate, measure 4cm long and 2cm wide. The stamens 10 all fertile, shorter than the petals; anthers small. The ovary shortly stipitate, sparsely pubescent. The pods are linear-oblong, stipitate, measure 10cm long and 1.5cm wide, dark brown in colour containing 10 roundish compressed seeds. [4],[5]

Plant Part Used

Bark, leaves, flowers and roots. [2]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

The bark and leaves in a decoction helps relieve billiousness. [6] A remedy recommended by the Indian Vaiydas.[2]

Respiratory Disease

In Malaysia and Indonesia the plant is used in the treatment of common cold and cough.[6] The roots seems to be the part made used of by the Javanese in treating cough and cold. In India the decoction of the leaves and bark is given for allying asthmatic attack.[2]

Other Uses

The Indians made used of the bark and leaves in a decoction to treat stones in the bladder, venereal diseases and leprosy. [2] Amongst the Mullu kuruma tribe of Karella the decoction of the bark is used in treating urinary discharge (gonorrhea). They make use of paste of the leaves applied on the throat for throat troubles. It is applied externally to treat skin diseases.[7]  The root is boiled in oil and applied to burns.[2]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology


No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents
No documentation  
Geriatrics
No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner, Rudolf Mansfeld, Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben, German Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2001 pg. 571
  2. C. P. Khare Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary Springer-Verlag Berlin 2007 pg. 85
  3. Umberto Quattrocchi CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names Volume 1 CRC Press LLC., Boca Raton 2000 pg.277
  4. Encyclopaedia Perthensis Encyclopaedia Perthensis; or, Universal dictionary of Knowledge. Volume III John Brown, Edinburgh 1816  pg. 391
  5. J. Lanjouw, August Adriaan Pulle, A. L. Stoffers Flora of Suriname, Volume 2, Part 2 Royal Tropical Institute Amsterdam 1939 pg. 45
  6. Timothy Johnson  CRC ethnobotany desk reference CRC Press LLC Boca Raton 1999 pg. 110
  7. VP Silja, K. Samitha Varma & KV Mohanan Ethnomedicinal plant knowledge of the Mullu kuruma tribe of Wayanad district, Kerala Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 7(4): 604-612, October 200