Nothopanax scutellarium

Synonyms

Polyscias scutellaria, Polyscias balfouriana, Polyscias pinnata, Nothopanax cochleatum, Nothopanax scutellaria, Panax chochleatum, Panax scutellarioides, Panax conchifolium, Scutellaria prima, Aralia cochleata [1] [2] [3]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Pokok Puding Mangkok, Semangkok, Daun Belangkas [4]

English Saucer-leaf; Shell leaf; Cup-leaved papua
Indonesia

Daun Mangkok (Java); Mamanukan (Sunda), godong mangkokan (Jawa). lanido,; ndalido, ranido, ndari (Roti).ai lohoi, ai laun niwel, daun koin, ; daun papeda (Ambon). daun koin, d. mangkok, memangkokan, ; daun papeda, memangkokan, pohon mangkok (Sumatera); Daun mangkok (Menado), mangko-mangko (Makasar).; Goma matari, sawoko (Halmahera), rau paroro (Ternate).[5] [6]

Philippines

Platito (Tagalog) [7]

Vietnam

Dinh Lang Dia [8]

Vanuatu Island

Ndosir; Umroki [9]

Fiji Island

Danidani [10]

Samoa Island

Tagitagi [11]

Cook Islands

Kapaie, Kaope Pa [12]

China              

Yuan Ye Nan Yang Shen [13]

General Information

Description

Nothopanax scutellarium is a member of the Araliaceae family. It is a shrub or small tree that grows up to 4 m high, with sheathing petiole base and spotted stems. Leaves are simple, somewhat rounded and concave, saucer-like, measuring 6-12 cm wide with heart shaped at the base.  It flowers infrequently. The flowers are born in umbels of 8-24 in numbers, arranged mostly in terminal panicles. The corolla of five to seven free, tiney greenish, inconspicous petals measuring 2-3 mm long. The fruits are subglobose drope. [14]

Plant Part Used

Leaves [16]

Chemical Constituents

Polysciasaponin P1; Calcium oxalate, peroxidase, amygdalin, phosphate,iron, fats, proteins, vitamin A, B1 and C. [15] [16]

Traditional Used:

Obstetrics

In Vanuatu Islands, the leaves are used in the immediate post-delivery period to enhance the expulsion of placental fragments in the form of a juice extracted from the leaves. As a cleansing processes women were given a decoction of the leaves during the post-delivery period.[9] In Indonesia the leaves are used to treat breast engorgement by applying coconut oil impregnated with juice of N. scutellarium leaves and tumeric over the lesion.[16]

Kidney Diseases

In the Philippines the heated leaves of Platito is applied over the suprapubic region to induce urination. The roots and leaves together with diuretic in a decoction is considered a diuretic.[7]

Inflammatory Diseases

The leaves are used for dressing ulcers and also wounds.[16]

Promotion of Hair Growth

In Indonesia, the scalp is genlty massaged with coconut oil impregnated with juice of the leaves of N. scutellarium to help promote the growth of hair.[16]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

Hair growth activity

Sholikhah [17] studied the effects of extracts of N. scutellarium on the growth of hair in rats. The results showed that the extracts did hasten the growth of hair in male rats. The extract contianing tea leaves and N. scutellarium leaves in the proportion of 2:1 appears to be the most effective combination.

Wound healing activity

It has been noted that the leaves of N. scutellarium had been used traditionally to promote healing of wounds. Divakar et.al [18] investigated the wound healing activity (epithelization period, wound contraction and paw oedema) of the leaf saponin extract of the plant. It has been established that the leaf saponin extract promotes collagenation in wounds. The extract also showed a concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on lipid peroxidation.

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

    1. Hsuan Keng, Ro-Siu Ling Keng Keng The Concise Flora of Singapore: Gymnosperms and dicotyledons Singapore University Press, Singapore 1990 pg. 131
    2. Rashtra Vardhana  Floristic Plants of the World Volume 2 Sarup & Sons New Delhi 2006 pg. 691
    3. Berthold Seemann  Journal of botany, British and foreign, Volume 4 Robert Hardwicke Edinburgh 1866 pg. 96
    4. Hean Chooi Ong  Tanaman hiasan: khasiat makanan & ubatan Utusan Publications & Distributors Kuala Lumpur 2008 pg. 35
    5. Buitenzorg, Java. 's Lands Plantentuin, Johannes Elias Teysmann, S. Binnendijk  Catalogus plantarum quae in Horto botanico bogoriensi coluntur Buitenzorg Batavia 1866 pg. 310
    6. (http://community.um.ac.id/showthread.php?63569-Mangkokan-%28Nothopanax-scutellarium-Merr-%29) Accessed 05th July 2010
    7. Philippines Medicinal Plants – (http://www.stuartxchange.org/Platito.html) Accessed: 05th July 2010
    8. Vietnam Plant Data Center (http://www.botanyvn.com/cnt.asp?param=edir&v=Polyscias%20scutellaria&list=species&lg=en) Accessed 06th July 2010
    9. G. Bourdy and A. Walter Maternity and medicinal plants in Vanuatu I. The cycle of reproduction Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 37 (1992) 179-196
    10. R.R. Thaman Vascular Plants of the University of the South Pacific, Laucala Bay Campus, Suva, Fiji Islands https://classshares.student.usp.ac.fj/GE407/(_GE407%20SEM.%20I%20-     %02010%20MATERIALS/(_0%200%20IYB%20Symposium%2027.3.10%20for%20Class%20Shares/VASCULAR%20PLANTS%20OF%20THE%20UNIVERSITY%20OF%20THE%20SOUTH%20PACIFIC%20-%20PDF%2029.3.10.pdf) [Accessed on 06th July 2010]
    11. Traditional Medicinal Plants of Samoa (http://www.dittmar.dusnet.de/english/ewisspfl6.html) Accessed 06th July 2010
    12. Cook Islands Biodiversity Data Base (http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/species.asp?id=6565) Accessed 06th July 2010
    13. Flora of China (http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242414133) Accessed 06th July 2010
    14. W. Arthur Whistler  Tropical ornamentals: a guide Timber Press Inc. Portland 2000 pg. 377
    15. S. Paphassarang, J. Raynaud, M. Lussignol, P. Cabalion  A New Oleanolic Glycoside from Polyscias scutellaria J. Nat. Prod., 1990, 53 (1), pp 163–166
    16. Tanaman Obat Indonesia (http://www.iptek.net.id/ind/pd_tanobat/view.php?mnu=2&id=120) Accessed 06th July 2010
    17. Sholikhah, Naniek Darwati. Budi  Efek Campuran Ekstrak Daun Teh (Camellia sinensis L.) dan daun mangkokan (Nothopanax scutellarium Merr.) terhadap pertumbuhan rambut kelinci jantan Skripsi thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. (2008) (http://etd.eprints.ums.ac.id/1256/) [Accessed on 6th July 2010]
    18. Divakar, M. C., Devi, S. L., Kumar, P. S., Rao, S. B. Studies on wound healing property of Polyscias scutellaria leaf saponins. Indian Journal of Natural Products