Amomum aculeatum Roxb.

Last updated: 06 April 2015

Scientific Name

Amomum aculeatum Roxb.


Amomum aurantiacum Ridl., Amomum ciliatum Blume, Amomum flavum Ridl., Amomum hatuanum Náves, Cardamomum aculeatum (Roxb.) Kuntze, Cardamomum ciliatum (Blume) Kuntze [1]

Vernacular Name

English Rambutan amomum [2]
Indonesia Parahulu, prahulu (Sundanese); wola waliyan (Javanese) [2][3]
Papua New Guinea Apiyamga (Gulf); qulengapaie (Morobe) [2]; galengapace, hinigugau, iae, punuh panir, punuh parir [3].

Geographical Distributions

Amomum aculeatum is distributed in Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia (Penang), Sumatra, Java, Papua New Guinea. It is occurs in Java in primary forest and teak forest up to 800 m altitude. [3]

Botanical Description

A. aculeatum comes from the family Zingiberaceae [1]. This large herb can grow measures up to 400 cm tall, with stout and long underground rhizome and rather slender, measuring up to 1.5 cm thick. The stems are leafy [3].

The leaves are lance-shaped and with a size of measuring 10-60 cm x 2-9 cm. [3]

The inflorescence is with base in the ground, measures up to 10 cm long, dense and rounded. The bracts are measures about 3.5 cm x 1.5 cm, thin, brownish and soon disintegrating. The bracteoles are about 1 cm long and tubular at the base. [3]

The flowers are pedicelled and far exserted from the bracts. The petal tube is about as long as the sepal, pale flesh-coloured to orange lobes, orange-yellow labellum with much small crimson spots and lines that form a closed cup with dorsal petal. The anther is with considerably spreading crest. [3]

The dark purplish fruit is measuring 2-3.5 cm x 1.5-2 cm and covered with fleshy greenish spines. [3]


A. aculeatum sometimes cultivated in Java. [3]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of A. aceleatum Roxb. [3]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Amomum aculeatum Roxb.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 26; cited 2015 Apr 6]. Available from:
  2. Umberto Q. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2012. p. 245.
  3. Nguyen Quoc Binh. Amomum aculeatum Roxb. In: de Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 1999; p. 116.