Buchanania arborescens (Blume) Blume

Last updated: 22 April 2015

Scientific Name

Buchanania arborescens (Blume) Blume


Buchanania angustifolia Benth. [Illegitimate], Buchanania arborescens F.Muell. [Illegitimate], Buchanania attopeuensis (Pierre) Tardieu, Buchanania bancana Miq., Buchanania decandra Blanco, Buchanania florida A.Gray [Illegitimate], Buchanania glaberrima Ridl., Buchanania intermedia Wight, Buchanania longifolia Span., Buchanania longifolia Blume, Buchanania lucida Blume, Buchanania monticola Kaneh. & Hatus., Buchanania muelleri Engl., Buchanania nabirensis Kaneh. & Hatus., Buchanania novohibernica Lauterb., Buchanania palembanica Blume, Buchanania papuana C.T.White, Buchanania petiolaris Miq., Buchanania platyphylla Merr., Buchanania polybotrya Miq., Buchanania pseudoflorida G.Perkins, Buchanania scandens Lauterb., Buchanania solomonensis Merr. & L.M.Perry, Buchanania subobovata Griff., Buchanania versteeghii Merr. & L.M.Perry, Coniogeton arborescens Blume [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Otak udang tumpul (Peninsular); rengas laut (Sarawak); beluno-beluno (Sabah) [2]; kelumpang keras, otak hudang, katak hudang, rengan pasir [3], ketak hudang, katak udang, pauh pipit, terentang tikus [4]
English Sparrow's mango [2], satin wood, light wood [4]
Indonesia Popohan (General); getasan (Javanese); rawa-rawa pipit (Kalimantan) [2]
Thailand Chaa muang (Northern); luaet khwai, mamuang khee kratai (Peninsular) [2]
Brunei Kepala tundang, rengas ayam [2]
Philippines Balinghasai (General) [2]
Vietnam C[aa]y m[uw]ng ri [2]

Geographical Distributions

Buchanania arborescens is distributed from India and the Andaman Islands to Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Taiwan, Thailand, throughout the Malesian region towards the Solomon Islands and northern Australia. [2]

Botanical Description

B. arborescens comes from the family of Anacardiaceae. It is an evergreen tree, small to fairly large but rarely large and measures up to 35(-42) m tall. [2]

The bole is cylindrical, straight, branchless for up to 20 m, measures up to 100 cm in diametre, and sometimes with small buttresses up to 1(-4) m high. The surface of the bark is smooth or pock-marked, pale whitish to grey-brown or reddish-brown. The inner bark is fibrous, reddish-brown or pink, and exuding a clear, colourless or pink or greyish gum. The crown is compact. [2]

The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, entire, sessile or petiolate and exstipulate. The leaves are folded lengthwise where the first pair is opposite and the subsequent ones are arranged spirally. [2]

The flowers are in an axillary panicle, small, (4-)5(-6)-merous and whitish. The sepal is lobed, persistent or caducous. The stamens are twice the number of the petals while the anthers are usually arrowhead-shaped. The disk is shallowly cup-shaped while the margin is dentate. The ovary is superior, with 4-6 carpels, connate at the very base only with 1 ovule each, usually only with 1 fertile carpel, with short style, oblique stigma and truncate. [2]

The fruit is a 1-celled drupe with woody or bony stone. [2]

The seed is with free testa from the endocarp. Seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are emergent and fleshy while the hypocotyl is elongated. [2]


It is a fairly common lower-storey tree over sandy and rocky coasts, kerangas and river banks, but is also found in peat swamp forests and on limestone hills. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of B. arborescens (Blume) Blume.[2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Buchanania arborescens (Blume). [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Apr 22]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2684757
  2. Buchanania arborescens (Blume) Blume. In: Sosef MSM, Hong LT, Prawirohatmodjo S, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 1998.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute Medical Research. Compendium of Medicinal Plants Used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 123.
  4. Umberto Q. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology (5 Volume Set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 1999. p. 376.