Capparis micracantha DC

Last updated: 23 April 2015

Scientific Name

Capparis micracantha DC.


Capparis bariensis Pierre ex Gagnep., Capparis billardieri DC., Capparis callosa Blume, Capparis conspicua Wall. [Invalid], Capparis donnaiensis Pierre ex Gagnep., Capparis forsteniana Miq., Capparis hainanensis Oliv., Capparis liangii Merr. & Chun, Capparis myrioneura Hallier f., Capparis odorata Blanco, Capparis petelotii Merr., Capparis roydsiifolia Kurz, Capparis venosa Merr. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kaju tuju [2], melada [3][4]
English Capertree, caper thorn [3]
China Xiao ci shin gan, niu yan jing [3]
Indonesia Balung, kledung (Javanese); sanek (Madurese) [2]
Thailand Chingchee (Central); kradaat khaao (Central); nuat maeo daeng (Northern) [2]
Laos Say sou [3]
Philippines Salimbagat (Tagalog); tarabtab (Iloko); salimomo (Bisaya) [2]
Cambodia Kanchoen bai dach [2]
Vietnam B[uf]ng ch[ef], c[as]p gai nh [or] [2]

Geographical Distributions

Capparis micracantha is reported distributed from Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia, to Indonesia and the Philippines. [2]

Botanical Description

C. micracantha comes from the family of Capparaceae. It is a half-erect shrub or small tree with drooping branches. It is measure 1-6 m tall and rarely with a vine of measuring 2-4 m tall. The young branches are zigzag and hairless. [2]

The leaves are oval to oblong-lance-shaped, with a size of measuring 9.5-20 cm x 3-11 cm, rounded base, variable apex, rarely acuminate, coriaceous, shining while the petiole is measure 0.7-1.5 cm long. The thorns are patent, straight or slightly curved, mesure 2-7 mm long and often absent on the flowering branches. [2]

The flowers are 2-6 in a row while the pedicel is measure about 1 cm long. The ovate sepals are measuring 5.5-13 mm long while the petals are oblong or elliptical in shape, mesure 10-26 mm long, thin, white with yellow base but turn dark red later. Stamens are 20-45 with mesure 2.5-3 cm long filaments, white and with 15-35 mm long gynophores. The ovary and gynophore are sometimes abortive. [2]

The berry is globular or ellipsoid in shape, measure 2-6 cm in diametre, with 4 longitudinal sutures, yellow, orange or red in colour and strongly smells when ripe. [2]

The numerous seeds are whitish, slimy and sweet pulp. [2]


C. micracantha is found in brushwood, hedges and open forest, also along the seashore and in sandy locations, mostly below 500 m altitude. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. micracantha DC. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Capparis micracantha DC.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Apr 23]. Available from:
  2. Windadri FI. Capparis micracantha DC. In: Van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 2001; p. 140.
  3. Philippine Medicinal Plants. Salimbagat. Capparis micracantha DC. [homepage on the Internet]. c2014 [updated 2013 Jul; cited 2015 Apr 24] Available from
  4. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research. Compendium of Medicinal Plants Used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR: 2002. p.144.