Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze

Last updated: 06 May 2015

Scientific Name

Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze


Clerodendrum longicolle G.Mey., Clerodendrum mite (L.) Vatke, Clerodendrum semiserratum Wall. [Invalid], Clerodendrum siphonanthus R.Br. [Illegitimate], Clerodendrum verticillatum Roxb. ex D.Don [Invalid], Ovieda mitis L., Ovieda verticillatum Roxb. ex D.Don [Invalid], Siphonanthus angustifolius Willd., Siphonanthus indicus L. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Ganja ganja, penatoh [2][3]
Indonesia Genje (Sundanese); sekar petak (Javanese); ringgo dipo (Palembang) [2][3]
Thailand Thao yaai mom (Central); phayaa raak dieo (Peninsular); leng chon tai (Northern) [2][3]
Vietnam ng[oj]c n[uwx] [aas]n d[ooj] [2][3]
Nepal Aiklinge, rauru, syanka mali [3]

Geographical Distributions

Clerodendrum indicum is a native to India and Nepal, eastward to Burma (Myanmar), southern China, Indo-China, Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia; naturalised in Indonesia, Madagascar, southern USA, West Indies and northern South America. [2]

Botanical Description

C. indicum comes from the family of Capparaceae. It is an annual, erect, branched herb up to 1 m tall, with yellowish, glandular hairs, vis­cid and stinking. [2]

There are 3-5 leaflets. The central leaflet measures 1-3(-5.5) cm x (0.3-) 0.5-1.5 cm, with wedge-shaped base, acute to obtuse apex, and thinly herbaceous, while the petiole is 0.5-6 cm long. [2]

The raceme is short to elongate and with largely actinomorphic flowers. The sepals are oblong, and measure (2.5-) 6-7 mm long, while the petals are oblong, measure (4-)7-12 mm long, thin, hairless and yellow. There are (8)10-20(-30) stamens which gradu­ally increase towards the abaxial side. The bluish anthers are 1.5-2 mm long. [2]

The capsule is linear, erect, cen­tripetal-veined, measures (1.5-)6-8(-10) cm long and with beak  2.5-4(-7) mm long. [2]

The seeds are red-brown and 1.2 mm in diametre, with narrow cleft, with strong cross-ribs and faint con­centric ribs. [2]


C. indicum easily escapes cultivation through its stolons. In Java cultivated from sea-level up to 1200 m altitude; naturalised in grassy, sunny or slightly shaded localities near human settlements from sea-level up to 500 m altitude. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. indicum (L.) Kuntze [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 May 05]. Available from:
  2. van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N. Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p.175.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC World dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology (5 Volume set). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2012. p. 1012.