Dryobalanops sumatrensis (J.F.Gmel.) Kosterm.

Last updated: 20 May 2015

Scientific Name

Dryobalanops sumatrensis (J.F.Gmel.) Kosterm.


Dipterocarpus camphorus (Colebr.) Mart., Dipterocarpus teres Steud. [Invalid], Dryobalanops aromatica C.F.Gaertn., Dryobalanops camphora Colebr., Dryobalanops junghuhnii Becc., Dryobalanops vriesii Becc. [1]

Vernacular Name


Kapur (Peninsular); kapur biasa (Sabah); kapur peringgi (Sarawak) [2]; pokok kapur barus, keladan [3]


Kapur singkel, kapurun, pokok kapur barus (Sumatra) [2]; kapur [3]


Kapur anggi, kapur peringgi [2]

Geographical Distributions

Dryobalanops sumatrensis is found in Peninsular Malaysia, North-Western and Eastern Sumatra, the Riau and Lingga archipelago, and Northern and Western Borneo. [2]

D. sumatrensis favours well-drained, yellow, leached, sandy-clayey soils and performs best on lower and middle slopes, less so in valleys or on ridges, up to 400 m altitude. It is locally dominant or gregarious. [2]

Botanical Description

D. sumatrensis comes from the Dipterocarpaceae family. It is a very large tree that can reach up to 60(-67) m tall, and with a straight, cylindrical bole. [2]

It is branchless for up to 40 m, with diametre up to 200(-340) cm and buttresses measure up to 5 m high. The bark is yellowish-brown, strongly aromatic when slashed but not exuding any dammar at first. [2]

The leaves are broadly ovate, measuring 4-6 cm x 2-4 cm, with acumen up to 15 mm long and hairless. [2]

The sepal lobes of its fruit are spoon-shaped, measuring 4-6 cm x 0.8-2 cm and bordered by a cup measuring 6-8 mm deep and 8-15 mm wide. [2]


The density of the wood is 630-940 kg/m3 at 15 % moisture content. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing



Figure 1: The line drawing of D. sumatrensis (J.F.Gmel.) Kosterm. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Dryobalanops sumatrensis (J.F.Gmel.) Kosterm.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 May 20]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2778765
  2. Dryobalanops sumatrensis (J.F.Gmelin) Kosterm. In: Soerianegara I, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees; Major commercial timbers. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers; 1993.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research. Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p.285.