Eriosema chinense Vogel

Last updated: 27 May 2015

Scientific Name

Eriosema chinense Vogel


Dolichos biflorus "sensu Lour., non L." (Misapplied) [1]

Vernacular Name

English Chinese bush carrot [2]
China Zhu zi li , ji tou shu, que li zhu, mao ban hua [2]
India Konden, pen, soh pen [4]
Indonesia Katil [2][3]
Thailand Man chaang, man thong (Peninsular); haeo praduu (Central); khon klong (Southeastern) [2] [3]
Laos Kh'o:nz ko:ng [2][3]
Philippines Katil, okun (Igorot); kitkitil (Bontok) [3]
Cambodia Te:l, te:l tueng' [2][3]
Vietnam Mao t[uwr] trung qu[oos]c [2][3]

Geographical Distributions

Eriosema chi­nense is distributed from India, eastward to Burma (Myanmar), China, Taiwan, Indo-China, and Thai­land, southward through Malaysia and to northern Aus­tralia. It is also found in the Philippines, Peninsular Malaysia, Java and New Guinea. [3]

E. chinense occurs in habitats rang­ing from coniferous and open broadleaf forests, sa­vannas, grasslands and roadsides on sandy soils up to 1500(-2000) m altitude. [3]

Botanical Description

E. chi­nense comes from the Leguminosae family. It is an annual or perennial, erect herb that can grow up to 12-50(-90) cm tall. It is not or sparingly branched, with cylindrical tuber, which measures up to 3 cm x 5 cm. [3]

The leaves are arranged alter­nate and 1-foliolate. The stipules are linear, 4-5(-10) mm long and persistent. The leaflet is oblong to linear, measures 1-8 cm x 0.3-2 cm, rounded at base, acute or acuminate at apex, with long hairs on margin and midrib, sparsely hairy above and densely pubescent below.The petiolule is 1-3(-10) mm long. [3]

The inflorescence is an axillary pseudoraceme, 6-15 mm long and 1-3-flowered. [3]

The flowers are papiliona­ceous and about 7 mm long. The sepal is bell-shaped, 5 ­lobed, hairy, with tube 2 mm long and narrow-triangu­lar lobes 2-3 mm long. The petal is pale bright yellow, sometimes tinged purple, with standard small lobe or ear, ob­long wings and is longer than the keel-petals. There are 10 stamens, which are di­adelphous. The ovary is 2-ovulate. [3]

The fruit is a cylindri­cal pod, which measures 10-12 mm x 5-8 mm, 1-2-seeded, brown to black, covered with long brown to grey hairs and dehis­cent. [3]

The seed is kidney-shaped, 2-4 mm long, minutely pitted and arillate along the width. [3]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of E. chinense Vogel [3]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1 Eriosema chinense Vogel. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2010 Jul 14; cited 2015 May 29] Available from:
  2. Philippine Medicinal Plants. Katil. Eriosema chinense Vog. [homepage on the Internet] c2014. [updated 2015 May; cited 2015 May 27] Available from:
  3. van der Maesen LJG. Eriosema chinense J.R.T. Vogel In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher; 2001. p. 249-250.
  4. Quattrocchi UFLS. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume III E-L. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 116.