Fagraea elliptica Roxb.

Last updated: 1 June 2015

Scientific Name

Fagraea elliptica Roxb.


Willughbeia elliptica Spreng., Cyrtophyllum speciosum Blume, Fagraea aurantiodora S.Moore, Fagraea javanensis (Blume) Bakh.f., Fagraea kimangu Blume, Fagraea picrophloea Blume [Illegitimate], Fagraea pseudoelliptica Kaneh. & Hatus., Fagraea pusilliflora Bakh.f., Fagraea speciosa (L.) Blume, Fagraea sumatrana Miq., Fagraea valida Miq. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Tembasu (Peninsular); perapat padang (Iban, Sarawak) [2]
Indonesia Ki tandu (Sundanese); tembesu ketam (Sumatra); tonki tonki (Ambon) [2]
Brunei Temasok [2]

Geographical Distributions

Fagrea elliptica is distributed throughout in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Western Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and New Guinea. It occurs in a wide variety of habitats, from well-drained or even dry locations on sandy soils to marshy or temporarily inundated sites, usually in forest but also as a shrub in open grassy locations or on hill tops, up to 1800 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

F. elliptica is comes from a family Loganiaceae. It is a medium-sized to large tree that can reach up to measure 45 m tall, up to measure150 cm in diametre of the bole and occasionally with buttresses up to measure 1 m high. [2]

The bark surface is smooth and becomes scaly, pale green to grey in colour while the inner bark is yellow. [2]

The leaves are lance-shaped or oblong to obovate or sometimes broadly obovate in shape, with a size of measuring 7.5-24(-32) cm x 1.7-15 cm, usually acuminate apex and rarely obtuse or rounded to slightly retuse. The secondary veins are prominent or indistinct in thick leaves. The petiole is measure 1-4 cm long while the stipules connate in a ring around the stem. [2]

The inflorescence is terminal and axillary and the pedicel is with halfway bracteoles or slightly less than halfway. The petal tube is narrow and cylindrical, with a size of measure 3.5-6(-8) mm long, headed stigma and obscurely 2-lobed. [2]

The fruit is orange to brick-red, spherical and measure 0.5-0.8 cm across. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of F. elliptica. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Fagraea elliptica Roxb. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 June 1]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2807409
  2. Fagraea elliptica Roxb. In: Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers; 1995.