Gigantochloa scortechinii Gamble

Last updated: 9 June 2015

Scientific Name

Gigantochloa scortechinii Gamble


No documentation

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Buloh semantan, buloh telor, buloh rayah (var. scortechinii), buloh seremai (var. albovestita) [1], buluh hauw [2], buloh aur, buloh haur, buluh pa aur, buloh gala, buloh raya, awat nangrop [3]
English Big bamboo, pole bamboo [3]
Indonesia Buluh kapal (Sumatra) [1]

Geographical Distributions

Gigantochloa scortechinii is found in Indonesia (Sumatra), Central and Northern Peninsular Malaysia and Southern Thailand. At present, it has become naturalised and is found mostly in disturbed (logged-over) forests in the area. It is occasionally cultivated in and around villages and outside the area in botanical gardens. [1]

In Peninsular Malaysia, natural forests of G. scortechinii occur up to 1000 m altitude but best at altitudes between 400-800 m. [1]

Botanical Description

G. scortechinii is comes from the family Gramineae. It is a densely tufted and sympodial bamboo. The culm is erect that can reach up to 20 m tall, measuring up to 12(-20) cm in diametre, with a wall is 5-10 mm thick that is covered with a fine white waxy powder when young and bright green when old. The internodes measure up to about 60 cm long and the basal ones are with light green stripes. [1]

The branches arise from the midculm node upward with the primary and secondary ones. The culm sheath is 15-25 cm long, light orange, covered with appressed black hairs and not easily deciduous. The blade spreads to reflexed, lance-shaped, measuring 9-13 cm x 1-3 cm, leaf-like, light green and much narrower than the top of the sheath. The ligule is dentate or deeply incised, ending in bristles and measures up to 9 mm long. The auricles form a low dark green rim along the apex sheath and sometimes terminated by a few bristles. The young shoots are light orange with light green blades that covered with appressed dark hairs. [1]

The leaf-blade is 20-30 cm x 2-3 cm and soft hairy on the lower surface. The sheath is hairy. The ligule is 2 mm long and sometimes bears bristles. The auricles are small, measure 1 mm long and with a few bristles measure up to 6 mm long. [1]

The inflorescences are borne on leafless branch and bear at the nodes head-like clusters of pseudospikelets that measure about 5 cm apart. Each cluster is with 2-5 large fertile pseudospikelets that mixed with a few small sterile ones. The spikelet is ovoid to oblongoid, flattened, measuring 18-20 mm x 5-6 mm, with a densely yellow-brown hairy or velvety, consists of 2-3 empty glumes but then 3-5 of perfect florets and terminates with an imperfect floret. [1]

The caryopsis is ellipsoidal and hairless but hairy at the truncate top. [1]


The annual mean maximum temperature for G. scortechinii is about 32°C while the mean minimum temperature is 22°C. The annual rainfall is about 2500 mm and quite evenly distributed over the year. G. scortechinii will grow in any soil type but does best on sandy loams with a good drainage and a pH of 5.0-6.5. It thrives well in ravines, gulleys and logged-over areas and is quite aggressive when it is exposed to sunlight. [1]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of G. scortechinii. [1]


  1. Azmy Hj. Mohamed. Gigantochloa scortechinii Gamble. In: Dransfield, S. & Widjaja, E.A., Editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 7: Bamboos. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publication, 1995; p. 120-123.
  2. Quattrocchi U.  CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume III E-L. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 327-328.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research. Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p.370-371.