Gluta wallichii (Hook.f.) Ding Hou.

Last updated: 12 June 2015

Scientific Name

Gluta wallichii (Hook.f.) Ding Hou.


Melanorrhoea wallichii Hook.f. [unresolved]. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Rengas kerbau jalang, rengas burung, rengas sumpah biawak (Peninsular) [2]; rengas paya, rengas manok, rengas air [3]
English Wallich’s rengas tree [4]
Singapore Rengas (Malay) [4]
Indonesia Rengas tjujung (East Kalimantan) [2]

Geographical Distributions

Gluta wallichii is found in peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. It is widely distributed in mixed dipterocarp forest and swamp forest up to 1000 m altitude. In Peninsular Malaysia, it is common on hillsides, in Sumatra locally co-dominant in peat-swamp forest. It can be found on clayey soils as well as limestone. The density of the wood is 470-980 kg/m3 at 15 % moisture content. [2]

Botanical Description

G. wallichiiis is comes from the family Anacardeaceae. It is a large evergreen tree that can reach up to measure 45 m tall, with its bole is up to measure 90 cm in diametre and up to measure4 m high buttresses. The bark surface is usually deeply fissured, greyish-brown and pinkish inner bark. [2]

The leaves are obovate-oblong to elliptical or elliptical-lance-shaped, with a size measure 8.5-34.5 cm x 4-14 cm, obtuse to acuminate at apex, sometimes slightly emarginate, hairless or velvety hairy below, with 9-24 pairs of secondary veins and up to measure 6 cm long petiole. [2]

The flowers are with irregularly bursting sepal. There are measures 4-7 mm long white petals, which are densely hairy and measure about 1.5 mm in diametre. The stamens 5 are while the ovary is hairy. [2]

The fruit is ovoid or ellipsoid in shape, up to measure 1.5 cm long, with an obscure stalk, smooth, brownish and with enlarged petals, which are up to measure 8 cm long. [2]

The cotyledons are free. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of G. wallichii. [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Gluta wallichii (Hook.f.) Ding Hou. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2013 Mar 23; cited 2015 June 11]. Available from:
  2. Gluta wallichii (Hook.f.) Ding Hou. In: Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 1995.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research. Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 375.
  4. Chin WY, Gopalakrishnakone P. A colour guide to dangerous plants. Singapore: Singapore University Press; 1990. p. 35-36.